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Obj. ID: 34774
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  Hechal Shlomo Interlaced Pattern Esther Scroll, Venice (?), second half of the 17th century

© Dagmara Budzioch, Photographer: Budzioch, Dagmara, 5.2015

Scroll: The manuscript is executed in a mixed technique in which a decorative border is printed as copper engraving and colored by hand whereas the Hebrew text of the Book of Esther is penned by a scribe. At present, only the remains of the coloring on the border can be noticed. The scroll starts with a decoration formed of foliate and floral ornaments with an oval in its central part. Upper and lower margins are filled with repeating interlaced pattern that joins with symmetrical decorations separating the double text panels. The right edge of the first membrane is trimmed into a multifoil shape. The scroll lacks its final part.

The scroll is rolled on a wooden turned roller but it is not stitched to it and only a short piece of parchment is attached to it.

Benediction sheet: The ornamentation on the benediction sheet that accompanies the scroll represents a diverse style and it can be assumed that originally it was not dedicated to this megillah. The printed decoration is composed of birds, flowers, and tendrils surrounding 5 ovals of different sizes. It resembles engraved works by Shalom (ben Mordecai) Italia, however, his authorship cannot be confirmed in this case. The right edge of the sheet is trimmed into a conical shape and two foils.

19 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Hechal Shlomo Interlaced Pattern Esther Scroll | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
second half of the 17th century
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Italy | Veneto | Venice
| (?)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Ink and paints on parchment (handwritten text, printed border) + wood
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
The scroll: 115 x ca. 1010 mm
The length of the membranes in the scroll: 1) ca. 400 mm, 2) ca. 315 mm, 3) ca. 295 mm.
Dimensions of the selected details in the scroll:
- upper and lower margins - 23 mm (height);
- a decoration between the text panels - 52x24 mm;
- a text panel (inside) - 80x52 mm;
- an average letter: 1 mm (height);
- spaces between the subsequent lines: ca. 1 mm (height);
- an average letter in col. 14: 3 mm (height).

The benediction sheet: 103x200 mm.
- an average letter: 1 mm (height);
- initial words of the benedictions: 3 mm (height);
- the axis of the ellipse containing the benedictions: ca. 63 mm long, of the adjacent ellipse - 45 mm, and the ellipse at the right edge of the sheet is ca. 25 mm. The last two ellipses are of equal size.

The roller: 300 mm (height).
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition

The manuscript is incomplete - a small part of the last membrane is missing, therefore, it lacks a part of the last panel with its decoration on the left; its presence can be determined on the basis of another megillah decorated with the same pattern.

The beginning of the scroll is seriously damaged. The right edge of the first sheet that is trimmed into a multifoil shape is torn in a few places.

The coloring is almost invisible; originally the border was colored in green, orange, and red (?) paints.

The print on the left edge of the benediction sheet is seriously faded.

Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents

The Book of Esther in Hebrew with benedictions on a separate sheet

Codicology

Scroll: The scroll is formed of 3 membranes containing 17 text columns with 22 or 23 lines, except for col. 14 with 11 lines divided into two parts. The subsequent membranes contain 6, 5, and 6 text columns. All text panels, except for panel no. 5, are double; solely panel no. 5 contains a single column (no. 9) but of double width.

The text is copied in a small Italian Hebrew square script on a flesh side of the parchment membranes, in black-brown ink.

The letter ח (Es. 1:6) is highlighted but it was obtained solely by its shape; this is the only letter ח in the scroll formed of two parts joined with a roof. The letter ת (Es. 9:29) is enlarged but not bolded. Other enlarged and diminished letters are included in col. 14.

Parchment is bright and thin; it is difficult to differentiate between both sides of the sheets. However, the blank side is a bit more shiny and yellow, whereas the side with the text and decorations is more mat and whiter. 

The membranes are stitched together.

Benediction sheet: the parchment is bright, but the recto side of the sheet is whiter than the verso side which is rather yellow.

The initial word of the benedictions (ברוך) is enlarged and bolded, and clearly separated from the rest of the formulas.

The letters in the central oval are lopsided and they are of different sizes. This handwriting contrasts strongly with very professional handwriting in the adjacent oval.

Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon

None

Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

The general layout of the decorations and the text (the text inscribed in the double panels separated by the repeating ornament, margins adorned with interlaced pattern) as well as the technique (hand-colored engraving) bear some similarities with the scrolls representing Gaster I type (for their descriptions see "Gaster I type scrolls") in the Index. It seems the scrolls could be produced in the same milieu and in a similar period.

The central ellipse in the opening decoration of the scroll could contain an inscription that is erased now.

The text is dense and rather difficult to read.

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

No bibliography on the scroll is available.

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
Author of description
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.