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Obj. ID: 34763
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  Hechal Shlomo Double-Style Decorated Esther Scroll, Morocco, 18th-19th century

© Dagmara Budzioch, Photographer: Budzioch, Dagmara, 20.05.2015

The decorative scheme of the scroll joins two different styles and two different color-schemes:

- part 1 (contains Es. 1:1-6:7) - text columns are inscribed within arches and every segment is decorated with differentiated abstract details, painted in two colors, whereas the upper and lower margins are blank.

 - part 2 (contains Es. 6:7-10:3) - the text is inscribed within horseshoe arches that are surrounded by geometric decoration. Additionally, every two or three arches are separated by a decorative vertical panel. The upper margins are fully filled with the decoration and it seems they were trimmed so both parts of the scroll could be of the same height. Lower margins are mostly blank.

The scroll is rolled on a wooden rod, however, the parchment is not stitched to it.

28 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Hechal Shlomo Double-Style Decorated Esther Scroll | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
18th-19th century
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Ink and paints on parchment
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
The scroll:
- part 1: 95 x 1800 mm; it includes 5 sheets: 1) 100 mm, 2) 475 mm, 3) 575 mm, 4) 405 mm, 245 mm;
- part 2: 105 x at least 870 mm; it includes 2 sheets: 1) 550 mm, 2) at least 320 mm.
The total length of the scroll is at least 2670 mm (the sheets are folded between the panels, additionally some of them are wavy and it is difficult to measure them precisely).

The width of the text column in part 1 is ca. 70 mm but there are also columns that are wider and narrower.

An average letter in part 1 is 3 mm high and the space between the subsequent lines is ca. 2 mm.
An average letter in part 2 is 2 mm high and the space between the subsequent lines is similar to it.

The rod: 250 mm (height).
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Condition
Part 1 of the scroll lacks its very beginning. Additionally, the edges of the first sheet are seriously frayed. In general, the second part of the scroll is preserved in a worse condition than the first one. The text, except for the liturgical poem in col. 1, is very well preserved.
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents

The Book of Esther in Hebrew preceded by Abraham Ibn Ezra's poem קומה אלהים עזרתה לי ("")

Codicology

Part 1:

Composed of 5 sheets containing 23 text columns but the Megillah is written on 4 sheets, in 22 columns with 16 lines. In the first column in the scroll, only the liturgical poem is inscribed.

The text is written in the Hebrew square Oriental script, in black ink with brown shades, on the flesh side (the 5th sheet can be inscribed on the hair side) of parchment membranes that are rather thin and stiff. Both sides of sheets vary; the side with the text and decoration is rather matt, whereas another one is more smooth and slightly shiny.

The lines fit the shape of the panel, therefore the first 6 lines are shorter than the remaining lines in the panel that are of equal length. Two last lines in the columns are empty.

The letter ח (Es. 1:6) is highlighted by its form because it is the only in the scroll that is formed of two elements joined with a roof.

The text panels differ in width.

The ruling is done with a stylus along with the membranes; some lines are more clear, whereas others are less visible. The lines are particularly well visible in the decorated parts of the sheets. 

The pricking is invisible.

Part 2:

Composed of 2 sheets containing 15 text columns with 17-19 lines except for col. 10 written in 11 lines divided into two parts.

The text is written in the Hebrew square Oriental script in brown ink, on the flesh side of parchment membranes.

The letter ת (Es. 9:29) is highlighted by its size because it is slightly larger than other letters in this part of the scroll.

The lines fit the shape of the panel, therefore the first 8-9 lines in every column are shorter than the remaining lines in the panel that are of equal length.

The ruling and pricking are invisible.

Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon

None

Scribal Notes
On the blank side of the sheet no. 2 (part 1) in blue ink are drawn Hebrew letters forming the names אליהו זלמן. They could be written by the maker of this part of the manuscript or/and its owner.
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

The ornamentation of the first part was sketched with a pencil and it is still visible.

The blue color on the third membrane (part 1),  is darker than on other membranes in this part of the scroll.

The ornamentation of part 2 and its colors (that are "earth colors") alludes to decorated Moroccan pieces of furniture; see also IDs:

At present, it is not clear if any of the two parts of the manuscript was originally stitched to the rod.

The spaces between the subsequent lines in col. 10 (part 2) vary. The letters in this section are not written as larger as it was frequently practiced in megillot Esther.

The parchment of both parts in the manuscript is very different; the membranes of part 1 are brighter.

The last panel in the scroll is blank.

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

Unknown

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
Author of description
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.