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Obj. ID: 34382
Jewish Architecture
  Wooden synagogue in Jurbarkas, Lithuania

© , Photographer: Unknown,

The ceiling of the wooden hexagonal bimah was decorated with a depiction of a crowned double-headed eagle with the lulav and etrog (looking like a scepter and an orb) in its paws. The depiction of the eagle was sourrounded by an inscription:

כנשר יעיר קנו על גוזלו ירחף יפרוש כנפיו יקחהו ישאהו על אברתו: יי בדד ינחנו ואין עמו אל נכר: [דברים לב, יא-יב]

As an eagle that stirs up its nest and hovers over its young, that spreads its wings to catch them and carries them aloft. The Lord alone led him; no foreign god was with him. Deut. 32:11-12.

Trees with birds under a sky with stars and probably sun (or moon) are depicted around the central medalion. 

According to a legend, the wall paintings in the synagogue were done by Italian artist Andrioli: "flower combined with animals - deer and lions - and with ancient holy symbols of our people like the tablets of the law, the menorah, magen david etc." (Poran, p. 300).

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Name/Title
Wooden synagogue in Jurbarkas | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
1790
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Textual Content
Unknown |
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
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Colors
Construction material
Timber
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Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
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Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
1
Ornamentation
Custom
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Pricking
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Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
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Colophon
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Watermark
Hallmark
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Group
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Trade Mark
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Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

Åhr, Johan. “Memory and Mourning in Berlin: On Peter Eisenman's ‘Holocaust-Mahnmal’ (2005),” Modern Judaism, Vol. 28, No. 3 (October 2008), pp. 283-305., ills on pp. 442-447.

Kamzon, Y.D., Yahadut lita: tmunot vetziyunim (Jerusalem: Mosad Harav Kuk, 1959), ills. on p. 148-150.

Kravtsov, Sergey, “Synagogue Architecture in Lithuania,” in Synagogues of Lithuania. A Catalogue, ed. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė, and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė, vol. 1 (Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Arts Press, 2010), 43–72, p. 57.

Piechotka, Maria and Kazimierz, Bóżnice drewniane (Warszawa: Budownictwo i architektura, 1957), p. 201, ill. 73.

Piechotka, Maria and Kazimierz, Bramy nieba: bóżnice drewniane na ziemiach dawnej Rzeczypospolitej (Warsaw: Krypski i S-ka, 1996), pp. 235-237, ills. 98, 167, 355-357.

Piechotka, Maria and Kazimierz, Heaven’s Gates: Wooden Synagogues in the Territories of the Former Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Translated by Krzystof Z. Cieszkowski. (Warsaw: Polin Museum of the History of Polish Jews, 2015), pp. 331-334.

Poran, Zevulun, “Beit ha-kneset ve-ha-hayyim ha-datiyim ba-kehilah,” in Sefer ha-zikaron le-kehilat yurburg - lita, edited by Zevulun Poran (Jerusalem: Igud Yotzei Yurburg Be-Israel, 1991), 297–304.

Rupeikienė, Marija, “Medinės Lietuvos sinagogos.” in Medinė architektūra Lietuvoje, edited by Alfredas Jomantas (Vilnius, 2002), 71–79., p. 71 with ill at the end of the book.

Rupeikienė, Marija, Nykstantis kultūros paveldas: Lietuvos sinagogų architektūra (Vilnius, 2003), p. 49 ill. 23, p. 53 ill. 27, p. 57 ill. 32, p. 60 ill. 37, p. 63 ill. 40.

Yargina, Zoya, Wooden Synagogues. Masterpieces of Jewish Art. (Moscow: Image, 1993), ills. 123-125.

Marija Rupeikienė, "Synagogues of Lithuania," in Lithuanian Synagogues (Exhibition Catalogue) (Vilnius: The Vilna Gaon Jewish State Museum, 1997), p. 27;

Pinkas hakehilot: Lita, ed. Dov Levin (Jerusalem, 1996), p. 325 with ill.;

www.jewishgen.org/litvak/images/yurburg1.jpg;

Yad Vashem, 59691, 103243, 67871, 57491 (Bima), 56357 (TA);

Lite, eds. Mendl Sudarski, Uriyah Katsenelnbogn and I. Kisin (New York, 1951), ill. on p. 1596;

Avraham Kariv, Lithuania - Land of My Birth, trans. from Hebrew by I.M.Lask and Gertrude Hirschler (New York: Herzl Press, 1967), ill. on p. 24 (Eliahu chair) = Dovid Katz, Lithuanian Jewish Culture (Vilnius: Baltos Lankos, 2004), ill. on p. 179;

Saulius Kaubrys, National Minorities in Lithuania: An outline (Vilnius, 2002), ill. after p. 128;

Jewish Life in Lithuania. Exhibition Catalogue, 2nd edition (Vilnius, 2007), ill. on p. 56;

Type
Documenter
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Author of description
Vladimir Levin | 2020
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Language Editor
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Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed:
Unknown |