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© Vladimir Levin, Photographer: Levin, Vladimir, 2023

Memorial name

Chiune Sugihara, or Moonshine Monument

Who is Commemorated?

Chiune Sugihara, a Japanese consul, Righteous Among the Nations

Description:

This monument, made of granite, stands in a paved square in front of the Holocaust Division of the State Jewish Museum. It takes the form of an abstract human figure carrying a stone shaped like a crescent moon on its head and upright hands. The monument has a distinct “Japanese character.”

A small plaque near the sculpture bears identical Lithuanian and English inscriptions.

Inscriptions:

In Lithuanian: 

Mėnulio šviesa
tespindi
kilnios širdies
Japonijos konsului Lietuvoje
Čijunei Sugiharai,
1940 metais išdavusiam 2139 vizas
žydų pabėgėliams
ir išgelbėjusiam tūkstančius
gyvybių

Autoriai
Goiči Kitogava
ir Vladas Vildžiūnas
1992 m.

In English:

Let the moonlight
glance
to the noble man,
Consul of Japan in Lithuania
Chijune [sic] Sugihara,
who in 1940 issued 2,139 visas
to Jewish war refugees
end [sic] thus saved
thousands of lifes [sic].

Authors:
Goichi Kitogawa
and Vladas Vildžiūnas
1992

Translation: Let the moonlight / glance / to the noble man, / Consul of Japan in Lithuania / Chiune Sugihara, / who in 1940 / issued 2,139 visas / to Jewish war refugees / and thus saved / thousands of lives.

Commissioned by:

Director of the State Jewish Museum, Emanuelis Zingeris (Marcišauskytė-Jurašienė 2014, 277).

Funded by the Vilnius municipality (Guzenberg 2013, 57).

Summary and Remarks
Remarks

25 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Chiune Sugihara Monument in Vilnius | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Museum
Public street or square
{"13":"A Holocaust memorial permanently installed within a history, art, or Holocaust Remembrance Museum (n.b. this does not include buildings themselves dedicated as Holocaust memorials)."}
Date
1992
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Kitagawa, Goikhy Sioko (artist)
Vildžiūnas, Vladas (sculptor)
{"4590":"Lithuanian sculptor (1932-2013)"}
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Lithuania | Vilnius County | Vilnius
| Pamėnkalnio St. 12
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Textual Content
Languages of inscription
Shape / Form
Material / Technique
Granite
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height of the monument - 200 cm
Height of the "shoulders"- 105 cm
Width of the upper stone - 300 cm
Width of the "hands"- 208 cm
Width of the body - 89 cm
Thickness - 40 cm
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

Chiune Sugihara (1900-1986) was a vice-consul of Japan in Kaunas, the provisional capital of the Republic of Lithuania. In 1940, he issued about 2,000 Japanese transit visas to Jewish refugees from Poland, who had already received visas for entering The Netherland’s colonies in the Caribbean from the Dutch consul in Kaunas, Jan Zwartendijk. This allowed the refugees to then obtain Soviet visas and to travel, via the Soviet Union, to Japan- thus escaping the Holocaust.

Chiune Sugihara was recognized as Righteous Among the Nations in 1985.

Goichy Kitagawa and Vladas Vildžiūnas met in 1972 in Hungary. Consequently, Kitagawa visited Lithuania several times. On one of such visits, director of the State Jewish Museum, and a prominent public figure, Emanuelis Zingeris, suggested to Kitagawa to create a monument to his compatriot (Marcišauskytė-Jurašienė 2014, 277).

The monument was erected near the Holocaust Division of the State Jewish Museum in 1992.

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

Agranovskii, Genrikh and Irina Guzenberg. Vilnius: Po sledam Litovskogo Ierusalima. Pamiatnye mesta ereiskoi istorii i kul’tury, 2nd ed. (Vilnius: The Vilna Gaon Jewish State Museum, 2016)., 447.

Guzenberg, Irina, Vilnius: Traces of the Jewish Jerusalem of Lithuania. Memorable Sites of Jewish History and Culture. A Guidebook (Vilnius: Pavilniai, 2021)., 459.

Guzenberg, Irina. Vilnius: Pamiatnye mesta evreiskoi istorii i kul'tury (Vilnius: Pavilniai, 2013)., 57.

Marcišauskytė-Jurašienė, Jolanta, Vilniaus skulptūrų kelias (Vilnius: Modernaus meno centras, 2014), 277.
Type
Documenter
Boris Khaimovich, Vladimir Levin, Aistė Niunkaitė Račiūnienė | 1994, 2022
Author of description
Vladimir Levin | 2023
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
Adam Frisch | 2023
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed:
Unknown |