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Obj. ID: 26430
Memorials
  Holocaust memorial at the Kozala cemetery in Rijeka, Croatia

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Čerešnješ, Ivan, 2002

Memorial Name

No official name

Who is Commemorated?

 Victims of Nazism and "those who died for freedom."

Description

This memorial is made up of two elements; a hexagonal upright slab, and a pillar, both made of concrete. It sits in a rectangular plaza of stone square tiles, with a large dirt patch in front of the upright slab.

The upright slab is engraved on both faces with a Magen David and sits on a small stone block that has a stone plaque with a Hebrew inscription on it. 

The pillar has five vertical faces. Rectangular niches are carved out of it on all five sides, which are filled with black metal plaques that have the names of Holocaust victims and their ages embossed on them. Bands of small menorot appear in the lower part of each plaque.

Above these niches are inscriptions in Croatian, Italian, and Hebrew: a dedication and a phrase "The memory of the victims is a warning to the living."

Inscriptions

On the pillar:

Croatian:

Žrtve nacizma
1941 – 1945

Translation: Victims of Nazism, 1941-1945

Croatian and Italian:

Palima
za slobodu
ai caduti
per la liberta

Translation: To those who died for freedom

In Hebrew: 

לקדושים הזכרה
- לחיים הזהרה

Translation: The memory of the victims is a warning to the living

Croatian:

Uspomena
na žrtve
opomena
živima

Translation: The memory of the victims is a warning to the living

Italian:

A ricordo dei
martiri
monito ai
vivi

Translation: The memory of the martyrs is a warning to the living

On a stone plaque on the upright slab:

"ירושלים לבניה בוניה"
יד ושם רשות הזיכרון לשואה ולגבורה
הר הזיכרון, ירושלים

Translation: "Jerusalem to its builders" Yad Vashem - Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority, the Mount of Remembrance, Jerusalem.

Commissioned by

The Jewish community of Rijeka [to be confirmed]

Summary and Remarks
Remarks

19 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Holocaust memorial at the Kozala cemetery in Rijeka | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Date
1981
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Sila, Zdenko (architect)
{"3437":"(Prague, February 2, 1915 - Rijeka, January 25, 1997), Croatian architect and urbanist"}
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Croatia | Dalmatia | Rijeka
| Municipal cemetery Kozala
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Textual Content
Languages of inscription
Shape / Form
Material / Technique
Concrete
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
1
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

Brumini, Rina, The Jewish Community in Rijeka (Rijeka: Libertin, 2019), p. 33.
Type
Documenter
Ivan Čerešnješ; Vladimir Levin, Ekaterina Oleshkevich | 2002; 2021
Author of description
Adam Frisch, Vladimir Levin | 2023
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
Adam Frisch | 2023
Donor
Keller Foundation | 2021
Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed: