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Obj. ID: 26147
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  Vienna Sefer Evronot, Bohemia or Moravia?, c. 1611-1612

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Unknown,

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Name/Title
Vienna Sefer Evronot | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
c. 1611-1612
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown
(Unknown)

Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. hebr. 80 (Schwartz, No. 191)
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Paper
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Good
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Fols. 1-6: Enyanei Lu'ah (Guide for Preparing Calendars) Fols. 7-52: Sefer Evronot "Book of Intercalations".
Codicology

Paper, II + 52 + II leaves

Watermarks:

Part I (Enyanei Lu'ah): Arrow within a shield (Piccard, Die Wasserzeichenkartei Piccard im Hauptstaatsarchiv Stuttgart, vol. IX: Werkzeuge und Waffen, 896 = Augsburg 1609/10).

Part II (Sefer Evronot): Double-headed eagle with a crown, shield and letters K, H and S (very close to: Labarre, Dictionary and Encyclopedia of Paper and Papermaking, Nr.90 A =Bohemia? 1618; Nr. 93 =Prague/Bohemia 1612; Nr. 95 = Eisgrub/Moravia 1614).  

 

Measurements

Full page: 178 x146 mm

Text space: 150 x105 mm

 

Scribes

The text is written by two scribes:

Scribe A:                       Fols. 1-6: Enyanei Lu'ah

Meir ben Yehiel Pikart:   Fols. 7-50: Sefer Evronot

 

 

Script

The text by both scribes is written in Ashkenazi semi-cursive script in ??? ink colour.

N

NNumber of columns

The text is written in one column

 

Number of lines

Since the ruling was executed for the frame only, the text is written in various numbers of lines per page.

Scribe A: 27-29 lines per page.

Meir ben Yehiel Pikart (whose script is bigger): 22-24 lines per page.

 

Ruling

Ruling is executed in ink for the frame only: 1+1 vertical lines and 1+1 horizontal lines. Tables are variously ruled.   

 

Pricking

??????????

 

Quires

5 quires of various number of leaves each: I8; II10; III16+2; IV8; V10-2

 

Catchwords

The catchwords for the pages are written horizontally in semi-cursive script at the lower left hand corner. Most of them are cut.

 

Hebrew numeration

None

 

Blank leaves

Fols. 51-52v were originally blank.

Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
None
Scribal Notes
Fol. 2 by Scribe A, on top of the page: והדמיון בגין עתה בשנת שע"ב לפ"ק עברו עלינו רפ"ב מחזורים ו[מחוק] שנים\ למחזור רפ"ג... "As is in the present year [5]372=1611/2 we passed 282 cycles and [erased] years of the cycle 283…" The second scribe Meir ben Yehiel Pikart ((מאיר בן יחיאל פיקרט mentioned his name in the text (tables?) few times, for example on fol. 7. On fol. 20v the scribe gives his full name: מאיר הקטן בן יחיאל פיקרט (Meir ha-katan (the Young) ben Yehiel Pikart, whereas on fols. 21r-v it is just Meir ha-katan. Fol. 38v, the last three lines inscribed: ועתה אנו עומדים/ שע"א לאלף הששי נמצא מחורבן בית שני עד עתה אלף שנים וחמש/ מאות וארבעים ושנים "And now we are in the year 371 of the 6th thousands [5]371 = 1610/1), which is 1542 years after the destruction of the second Temple (in 69 AD. i.e. 1542+69 = 1611)".
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding

?????????

Decoration Program

All types of decoration were executed by the scribes themselves in one stage:

  1. Full page painted gate in brown ink enclosing the opening text of Part II (fol. 8).
  2. Initial word decorated with crisscross in black ink (fol. 1).
  3. Coloured calendar disc on paper, in green, yellow, ochre and magenta, glued to the leave of the manuscript for the calendar use (fol. 20).
  4. Framed tables in a form of a hand (fol. ???) and two entwined circles (fol. 16).

 

Summary and Remarks

The manuscript was executed by two scribes responsible for different texts: Scribe A copied Enyanei Lu'ah, whereas Meir ha-katan ben Yehiel Pikart copied Sefer Evronot. According to the watermarks and inscription on fol. 2 and fol. 38v (the last three lines) the manuscript was produced in Bohemia/Moravia in ca. 1611-12.

The manuscript includes simple scribes' decoration.

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
• Fol. 51 ???, Owners' inscription: שקבלתי מ...עקיבא ... בק"ק ורנקבורט וגם ... שתקן ... זעקלן מק"ק מעץ ... Translation: "That I got from … Akiva… in the Holy Community of Frankfurt, as well as… taciturn? …Zeklin from the Holy Community of Metz." • Fol. 52: Inscription in a mixture of Yiddish and Hebrew mentioning different cities, mostly in Moravia, such as Breslau, Nikolsburg, Olmütz, Trebisch, etc. which may reflects an early presence of the manuscript in Bohemia-Moravia. • Fol. 49v there are some characters for the Hebrew years 264-605, i.e., the years 1504-1845 AD. • This manuscript was bound together with ÖNB Cod. hebr. 79. • Reached the collection of the Hofbibliothek not later than 1847.
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Schwarz, Catalogue, no. 191, pp. 220-221
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Michal Sternthal | ?
Author of description
Karl-Georg Pfändtner Ilona Steimann Yaffa Levy | 21.03.07 2009
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
Michal Sternthal |
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.