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Obj. ID: 24931
Jewish Architecture
  Synagogue in Aalten, The Netherlands

© Willy Lindwer, Photographer: Lindwer, Willy, 2002

The square-shaped synagogue in Aalten was built in 1857 and replaced a house shul which was located on this site which dated back to 1784. The most important characteristics of the synagogue are the lancet windows with its cast iron panes. Before entering the synagogue, two Ionic pillars at the entrance can be seen, including the cornice at the top with a Hebrew inscription (Psalm 118:20).

In 1927, J. B. Bikkink changed the roof and entrance into its current form. During the Second World War, the building was entirely looted. In 1949/50 the architect A. Ozowicz rebuilt the synagogue, changed the layout of the interior and designed the new bimah and Torah ark. During a renovation in in 1985/86, the architect M.J. Hebly removed the ceiling which was installed in 1950 and reopened the side entrance which provided access to the women’s gallery at the western part of the building.

Several elements of the previous synagogue were discovered including two floor mosaics depicting the Star of David. The old mikveh was also found which used to be located in a separate room but has since been covered up. The synagogue has seldom been used after its rededication in 1986.

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Name/Title
Synagogue in Aalten | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
1857
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
1950s, 1986
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
The Netherlands | Aalten
| Stationsstraat 7 | 7122 AR
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Brick
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Synagogue
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
A (Good)
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
2 (Regional)
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
http://jck.nl/en/node/1005

van Agt, J.F., Edward van Voolen. Synagogen in Nederland (Hilversum: Gooi and Sticht, 1988)

van Voolen, Edward, Paul Meijer. Synagogen van Nederland (Zutphen: Walburg Pers, 2006)
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
|
Author of description
Remy Arkenbosch | 2018
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.