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Obj. ID: 22102
Jewish Architecture
  Great Synagogue in Sataniv - Torah ark, photos of 2010

© Jewish Galicia and Bukovina N.P.O., http://jgaliciabukovina.net, Photographer: Levin, Vladimir, 2010

The multi-tiered Torah ark is situated in the centre of the eastern wall of the synagogue.  The narrow steps which led up to it have not been preserved.  The ark consists of two attached Corinthian columns flanking a pointed arch opening and bearing a cornice.  The columns rest on volute brackets and are painted to simulate marble.  A double arched panel enclosing the Decalogue rests on the cornice.  It is surmounted by two regardant lions holding a crown and leaning on a medallion, inscribed: שויתי יי לנגדי תמיד (I have set the Lord always before me, Psalms 16:8).

Above the pointed arch opening of the ark is a painted and stucco composition of a curtain which curls on either side of the columns into two harp-shaped wings.  These are decorated with a central large flower and foliate motifs.  A pair of rampant griffins painted above the curtain supports a crown, below which are two hands spread in the priestly blessing (Blessing of the Cohanim). 

The double arched panel has three attached colonettes decorated with flowers and leaves.  The Decalogue written within the two arches closes with the verse והם חזקו בדק הבית  לפק (based on Kings II, 12: 6 – they [the priests] repaired breaches of the house), which gives the date of the renovation of the synagogue in 1721.  The panel is flanked by two stucco volutes. 

According to an article by Yu. Lifshits, the Torah ark was not built simultaneously with the wall, which points to its later origin.  The figures of the lions were probably made later than the rest of the ark.  The columns of the second tier were decorated originally with curved vine scrolls, but later they were covered by plaster painted like marble. 

22 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Great Synagogue in Sataniv - Torah ark, photos of 2010 | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
1721 (inscription)
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Historical Origin
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Lifshits, Yulii, "Naturnye issledovaniia zdaniia sinagogi 17-19 vv. v g. Satanove Khmel'nitskoi oblasti" in V. Dymshitz (ed.), Istoriia evreev na Ukraine i v Belorussii. Ekspeditsii. Pamiatniki. Nakhodki (St. Petersburg, 1994), pp. 120-127.
Short Name
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Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Negative/Photo. No.