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Obj. ID: 2203
Jewish Architecture
  Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Main prayer hall

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Khaimovich, Boris, 2012

The decorative program of the main prayer hall is complex, consisting of several elements: ceiling paintings on canvas, a carved wooden Torah ark that extends into the plafond, central wooden chandeliers and accompanying copper chandeliers, wall paintings executed as architectural decoration, and images of the tribes of Israel. The wall and ceiling paintings date from different time periods.

Some of the paintings on the vault may be dated indirectly by observing features derived from a specific model. The urban structures (houses) of cylindrical shape with low domes, accompanied by narrow peaked towers (probably minarets), appear to be patterned on images included in maps of the Holy Land published no earlier than 1882 (according to the study of Rehav Rubin; see below). These vault murals should consequently be dated to the approximate period 1883-1890. For Rubin's study, see:

ריכב (בוני) רובין, צורת הארץ: ארץ ישראל במפה העברית מרש"י ועד ראשית המאה העשרים (ירושלים: יד יצחק בן צבי, 2014) 

On the other hand, one may presume that the date of the painted canvas on the ceiling must correspond to the date of the Torah ark with which it blends artistically. According to an accompanying inscription, the Torah ark was created in 1861. 

The wall paintings in the main prayer hall appear to have been created ca. 1920. 

The condition of the vault paintings is poor. The canvas fabric is torn in many places, and large fragments of the paintings have been damaged by humidity and mold. By contrast, the Torah ark and wall paintings already underwent restoration in 2010.

For the Torah ark decoration see:

For the vault decoration see:

For the wall decoration see:


26 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Main prayer hall | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
1883-1900?
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Romania | Moldavia | Botoşani
| 18 Muzicanti St.
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
|
Author of description
Khaimovich Boris |
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
Yeshayahu Gruber | 2016
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.