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Obj. ID: 21364
Memorials
  Holocaust memorial in Kosiv, Ukraine, 1968

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Unknown, 1989

Memorial Name

Памʼятний знак жертвам фашизму

Translation: Memorial Sign to the Victims of Fascism

Who is Commemorated?

Jewish victims of the Holocaust from Kosiv and nearby villages

Description

This monument is located on the killing site near the Mass Graves on Zamkova (Miska) Hora in Kosiv not far from the Jewish cemetery. It is a large, roughhewn stone with an inscription. When the monument was erected in 1968, its inscription was engraved on the stone, and didn't mention the Jewish ethnicities of the victims. In 1994, a renovation of the Monument was carried out. A part of the initial inscription, including the words "Soviet citizens" was erased and a plaque with Ukrainian and Hebrew inscriptions was bolted to the stone. The plaque also bears two Magen David above the inscriptions. Both new inscriptions specify the Jewish ethnicities of the victims. 

Inscriptions

Earlier inscription in Ukrainian:

Тут протягом 1941-1943 р. [=років]
німецько-фашистськими
окупантами розстріляно
близько 5-ти тисяч мир-
них радянських громадян
жителів м. [=міста] Косова та навко-
лишніх сіл. Вічна памʼять
жертвам фашизму!


Translation: Here during 1941-1943, about 5 thousand innocent Soviet citizens, residents of the city of Kosiv and nearby villages were shot to death by the German-fascist occupiers. Eternal memory to the victims of fascism!

Later inscription in Ukrainian:

Памʼяті євреїв м. [=міста] Косова...
На цьому місці 16 жовтня 1941
року почався масовий розстріл
євреїв м. [=міста] Косова та
навколишніх сіл.
Всього за роки війни
тут було знищено близько
4500 безневинних людей.

Translation: To the memory of Jews of the city of Kosiv... At this place, the mass murder of Jews of the city of Kosiv and nearby villages began on October 16, 1941. In total, for the fates of the war, about 4,500 innocent people were killed here. 

A preserved part of the initial Ukrainian inscription (after the reconstruction of 1994):

жителів м. [=міста] Косова та навко-
лишніх сіл. Вічна памʼять
жертвам фашизму!

Translation: residents of the city of Kosiv and nearby villages. Eternal memory to the victims of fascism!

Later inscription in Hebrew:


לזכרם של יהודי קוסיב והסביבה
שנרצחו ונקברו כאן כ"ה תשרי
תש"ב.
בימי מלחמה נרצחו כאן כ-4500
אנשים תמים.
ת.נ.צ.ב.ה. [=תהי נשמתם צרורה בצרור החיים]

Translation: To the memory of the Jews of Kosiv and the surroundings who were executed and buried here on Tishrei 25, 5702 [=October 16, 1941]. During the war, about 4,500 innocent people were murdered here. May their souls be bound in the bundle of life. 

Commissioned by

Soviet Authority

Summary and Remarks
Remarks

1 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Holocaust memorial in Kosiv | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Date
1968
Active dates
Reconstruction dates
1994
Artist/ Maker
Historical Origin
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Ukraine | Ivano-Frankivska obl. | Kosiv (Косів)
| Zamkova hora (Miska hora)
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Material / Technique
Natural stone, concrete
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height 2 m
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

According to the Tsal Kaplun Foundation, Kosiv was occupied by Nazi Germany on July 1, 1941. On October 16, 1941, about 900 Jews were taken to the Zamkova (Miska) Hora and shot there. The next day, about 1,200 more Jews were killed at the site. 

The Monument was erected in 1968. It was made in Lviv Ceramic and Sculpture Factory. The Ivano-Frankivsk Regional Executive Committee included the monument to the list of Monuments of History and Monumental Art of Local Importance by decision no. 612/4 on November 28, 1969 [Ivano-Frankivska oblast]. In 1994, the Monument was reconstructed. The top part of the initial inscription with the words "Soviet citizens" was erased. A plaque with Ukrainian and Hebrew inscriptions was bolted to the stone [Solovka]. 

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

"Ivano-Frankivska oblast. Skhema planuvannia terytorii (zavershennia). Okhorona nerukhomykh obiektiv kulturnoi spadshchyny", vol. 3 (Kyiv: Derzhavne pidpryiemstvo "Ukrainskyi derzhavnyi naukovo-doslidnyi instytut proiektuvannia mist "Dipromisto" imeni Y.M. Bilokonia", 2015), p. 270., https://www.if.gov.ua/storage/app/sites/24/documentu-2022/ivano-frankivska-oblast-2015-tom-3.pdf (accessed May 3, 2023)

"Kosiv: Zamkova (Miska) Hora in Kosov,"
Shoah Atrocities Map - Ukraine (Tsal Kaplun Foundation), https://shoahatlas.org/u1129.html.

"Miejsce egzekucji Żydów na Górze Miejskiej w Kosowie,"
Virtual Shtetl (POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews), https://sztetl.org.pl/pl/miejscowosci/k/943-kosow-huculski/116-miejsca-martyrologii/47157-miejsce-egzekucji-zydow-na-gorze-miejskiej-w-kosowie.

Solovka, Liubov and Svitlana Oryshko, 150 iz 150 tysiach... Holokost yevreiv Prykarpattia yak skladova etnodemohrafichnoi Katastrofy Skhidnoi Halychyny, (Ivano-Frankivsk: Foliant, 2019), pp. 460-461, 545-546.
Type
Documenter
The Center for Jewish Art | 1989
Author of description
Marina Sedova | 2023
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
Adam Frisch | 2023
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed: