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Obj. ID: 21350
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  Fugger's Mekor Hayyim, Venice, c.1551

© BSB, Photographer: Unknown,

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Name/Title
Fugger's Venetian Mekor Hayyim | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
c.1551
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 7 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 7)
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Paper, 1 + 498 + 1 leaves (1' + 497 numbered).
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Full page: (367-368) x (243-244) mm. The outer margin of fol. 7 was not cropped and is 270 mm wide.
Text space: Meir: (237-240) x (136-139) mm. Yishai: (237-238) x (139-141) mm.
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Well preserved. Apparently the manuscript was not in use.
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
1
Coordinates: 45.431511, 12.335317
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Mekor Hayyim (מקור חיים; The Source of Life) by Shmuel Zarza (fols. 1'-497). Another copy in Munich, Cod.hebr. 51 from Fugger's Venetian group. 1st ed. 1559.
Codicology
Scribes
Meir (Scribe A*): fols. 1' (title page), 379-393 (lines 1-21), 393v-479v (lines 1-20) in dark and light brown ink. Yishai ben Yehiel (Scribe B): fols. 1-378v, 393 (lines 22-30), 479v (lines 21-30)-497 in dark brownish ink. Interpolator 7** (Interpolator A*): fol. 190v (lines 17-30), in dark brownish-black ink. Corrections by Yishai. * The letters A, B, etc. denote the order of copying by the main scribes and interpolators in this manuscript. ** Running numbers (Scribe 1, 2, etc.) denote anonymous main scribes and interpolators throughout the entire group of Fugger’s Venetian manuscripts. Scribes identified by name are not numbered.
Script
The main text is written in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script.
Number of Lines
The text is written in 30 lines per page mainly in one column.
Ruling
Ruling by stylus: 30 horizontal and 1+1 vertical lines.
Pricking
None.
Quires
63 quires of 8 leaves each, except for IV10, V6, VI6, VII8-1, VIII6, L8-1. Quire composition: I8 (1'-7); II8 (8-15); III8 (16-23); IV10 (24-33); V6 (34-39); VI6 (40-45); VII8-1 (46-52); VIII6 (53-58); IX8 (59-66); X8 (67-74); XI8 (75-82); XII8 (83-90); XIII8 (91-98); XIV8 (99-106); XV8 (107-114); XVI8 (115-122); XVII8 (123-130); XVIII8 (131-138); XIX8 (139-146); XX8 (147-154); XXI8 (155-162); XXII8 (163-170); XXIII8 (171-178); XXIV8 (179-186); XXV8 (187-194); XXVI8 (195-202); XXVII8 (203-210); XXVIII8 (211-218); XXIX8 (219-226); XXX8 (227-234); XXXI8 (235-242); XXXII8 (243-250); XXXIII8 (251-258); XXXIV8 (259-266); XXXV8 (267-274); XXXVI8 (275-282); XXXVII8 (283-290); XXXVIII8 (291-298); XXXIX8 (299-306); XL8 (307-314); XLI8 (315-322); XLII8 (323-330); XLIII8 (331-338); XLIV8 (339-346); XLV8 (347-354); XLVI8 (355-362); XLVII8 (363-370); XLVIII8 (371-378); XLIX8 (379-386); L8-1 (387-393); LI8 (394-401); LII8 (402-409); LIII8 (410-417); LIV8 (418-425); LV8 (426-433); LVI8 (434-441); LVII8 (442-449); LVIII8 (450-457); LIX8 (458-465); LX8 (466-473); LXI8 (474-481); LXII8 (482-489); LXIII8 (490-497).
Catchwords
Catchwords for leaves are written horizontally at the left below the text in semi-cursive script by the text scribe.
Hebrew Numeration
None.
Blank Leaves
Fols. 1'v, 497v.
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
None.
Scribal Notes
Fol. 7v: A crown over the name Moshe. Yishai, who is the scribe of this section, added a crown above the names of biblical characters in different manuscripts he copied, for example Abraham in Cod.hebr. 26 (fol. 468v). Fol. 14: The name Shlomo (first letters) is marked by dots within the text. Fol. 316v: The name of the scribe Yishai is surmounted by a crown.
Watermark
: 'A' or 'B' in the outer corner of the folio (27 mm; e.g. fols. 2, 4, 6, 19, 76, 334, 351, 359, 447): Harlfinger, Ancre 65/1b (Venice, 1522); 'A' with a curl on its right in the outer corner of the folio (22 mm; e.g. fols. 495): Harlfinger, Ancre 40 (1548).
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding

Dark green leather partly turned brown on wooden boards (367 x244 mm), gold-tooled with a central roundel on the front and a shield on the back cover within an undulating lozenge in a large rectangle, decorated with floral motifs at the centre of each side and at the corners. The front roundel is inscribed פירושים, and below the letters EEEE. The spine, blind-tooled with hatching has four hidden cords and head and tail bands. On the edges of the front cover are vestiges of four groups of three plaited leather bands, two groups on the side and one each on the upper and lower edges, with corresponding holes for four nails on the edges of the back cover (for preserved bands see Cod.hebr. 301). Each group of three bands terminated in a ring intended to hook over the nails in the opposite cover. The leaves are gilt-edged.

 

This binding was made for Fugger by the 'Fugger Binder' inVenice(Hobson 1999:119-129). Similar bindings in BSB: e.g. Cod.hebr. 8, 26, 31, 35, 44, 45, 50, 56, 57,60, A. hebr. 278 and Cod.gr. 14.

 

Watermarks of the last flyleaf: A star above an anchor within a circle at the centre of the folio (65 mm): similar to Harlfinger 1974-80, Ancre 24-31 (Venice, 1556).

Decoration Program

The decoration is executed by Meir:

  1. The title is decorated with ribbon-like letters and with floral and hybrid motifs. On the left is a putto pointing at the title (fol. 1').
  2. A rabbit flanked by two palmette-like motifs surmounts the caption פרשת פנחס (Pinhas Pericope) (fol. 400).

 

Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Owners' inscriptions: None. Inscriptions of librarians and researchers: Front flyleaf, verso: an inscription in brown ink by Librarian 1: ספר מקור חיים חברו הח"ר שמואל צרתה/ שץ המכונה בלשון הקדש אבן סנה/ ופירושו על חמשה חומשי תורה. Below, by Librarian 3: Sephaer mekor haijm hibro hahaber Schemuel Zarta hamchuna bilschon\ hakodesch aeuen Senae. Vperuscho al hemischa humsche tora.\ R. Samuelis de Zarta, commentarius in Pentateuchum Mosis. qui vocatur\ Hebraice Aeuaen Snae. Mekor haim. i. initium vitae. Exlibris and stamps: Inside front wooden board: an exlibris of the Bavarian Court and State Library (227 x 155 mm) with the arms of Elector Maximilian I of 1638 (Dressler 1972:B3ab), stuck over the earlier exlibris (175 x 135 mm) of 1618, before he became Elector in 1623 (Dressler 1972:A3a-f). Old signatures: Front cover, lower middle part in black ink, upside-down: Sta. 6 N0 9 (second signature of Fugger's library). Front cover, lower right in black ink: I. n0. 63 (the Duke's library, Prommer's signature). Spine, in black and brown ink on two stickers: 3 and 63.
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Dressler 1972 F. Dressler, Die Exlibris der Bayerischen Hof- und Staatsbibliothek, 17. bis 20. Jahrhundert, Wiesbaden 1972. Harlfinger 1974-80 D. Harlfinger, Wasserzeichen aus griechischen Handschriften, Berlin 1974-1980. Hobson 1999 A. Hobson, Renaissance Book Collecting: Jean Grolier and Diego Hurtado de Mendoza, their Books and Bindings, Cambridge 1999. Sirat and Dukan, unpublished C. Sirat and M. Dukan, Etude des manuscrits hébreux"sehr inkorrekt" conservés dans la Bibliothèque de Munich (Institut des Recherche et d'histoire des Textes, CNRS, Paris), unpublished. Steinschneider 1895 M. Steinschneider, Die Hebräischen Handschriften der K. Hof- und Staatsbibliothek in München, Munich 1895.
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Ilona Steimann | 2008, 2014
Author of description
Ilona Steimann; Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 2008, 2015; 2015
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
Michal Sternthal; Project Head: Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 06-2016; 2008-2015
Language Editor
Christine Evans | 2015
Donor
Supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation |
Negative/Photo. No.