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Obj. ID: 20944
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  Fugger's Yesod Olam, Venice, 1551

© BSB, Photographer: Unknown,

1 image(s)

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Name/Title
Fugger's Venetian Yesod Olam | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
1551
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Ezra of Fano
(Unknown)

Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 35 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 35)
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Paper, 1 + 356 + 1 leaves.
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Full page: (348-349) x (248-249) mm.
Text space: (240-242) x (145-147) mm.
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Well preserved. Apparently the manuscript was not used.
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
1
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Ezra of Fano: fols. 1-356 in brown ink. He proofread the text with three correctors: Corrector 1 (corrector of Fugger's group; e.g. fols. 6, 10v, 13), Corrector 2 (e.g. fols. 32, 57), Corrector 3 (fols. 52, 213v).
Script
The main text is written in semi-cursive Italian script.
Number of Lines
The text is written in 30 lines per page, mainly in one column.
Ruling
Ruling by stylus: 30 horizontal and 1+1 vertical lines.
Pricking
None.
Quires
46 quires of 8 leaves, except for IX6, XXXI6, XXXVII6, XLIV6, XLV6, XLVI6. Quire composition: I8 (1-8); II8 (9-16); III8 (17-24); IV8 (25-32); V8 (33-40); VI8 (41-48); VII8 (49-56); VIII8 (57-64); IX6 (65-70); X8 (71-78); XI8 (79-86); XII8 (87-94); XIII8 (95-102); XIV8 (103-110); XV8 (111-118); XVI8 (119-126); XVII8 (127-134); XVIII8 (135-142); XIX8 (143-150); XX8 (151-158); XXI8 (159-166); XXII8 (167-174); XXIII8 (175-182); XXIV8 (183-190); XXV8 (191-198); XXVI8 (199-206); XXVII8 (207-214); XXVIII8 (215-222); XXIX8 (223-230); XXX8 (231-238); XXXI6 (239-244); XXXII8 (245-252); XXXIII8 (253-260); XXXIV8 (261-268); XXXV8 (269-276, upside-down); XXXVI8 (277-284, upside-down); XXXVII6 (285-290); XXXVIII8 (291-298); XXXIX8 (299-306); XL8 (307-314); XLI8 (315-322); XLII8 (323-330); XLIII8 (331-338); XLIV6 (339-344); XLV6 (345-350); XLVI6 (351-356).
Catchwords
Catchwords for leaves are written horizontally at the left below the text in semi-cursive script; they mostly have two dots on top.
Hebrew Numeration
None.
Blank Leaves
Fols. 1v, 356v.
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Fol. 350v: נעתק ע"י הצעיר מן המחוקקים הה’ עזרא מפאנו יצ"ו [ישמריהו צורו וגואלו] בויניציאה שנת י’ש’א’ ברכה מאת ה’ ר"ח [ראש חודש] ניסן לפ"ק [לפרט קטן] (Copied by the youngest of scribes, Ezra of Fano, may his rock and saviour protect and sustain him, in Venice [in] the year 5301, New Moon of Nisan [08.03.1551]).
Scribal Notes
None.
Watermark
Watermarks: Letters 'MC' in the outer corner of the folio (28 mm; e.g. fols. 5, 7, 11): unidentified; a trefoil flower between 'P' and '3' in the outer corner of the folio (32 mm; e.g. fols. 8, 41, 50): similar to Harlfinger 1974-80, Lettres 75 (Venice, 1548, 1550).
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding

Dark green leather turned brown on wooden boards (348 x243 mm), gold-tooled with a central roundel on the front and a shield on the back cover within an undulating lozenge in a large rectangle, decorated with floral motifs at the centre of each side and at the corners. The front roundel is inscribed יסוד/ עולם, and below are the letters DDDD. The spine, blind-tooled with hatching, has four hidden cords and head and tail bands. On the edges of the back cover are vestiges of four groups of three plaited leather bands, two on the side and one each on the upper and lower edges, with corresponding holes for four nails on the edges of the front cover (for preserved bands see Cod.hebr. 301). Each group of three bands terminated in a ring intended to hook over the nails in the opposite cover. The leaves are gilt-edged.

 

This binding was made for Fugger by the 'Fugger Binder' inVenice(Hobson 1999:119-129). Similar bindings in BSB: e.g. Cod.hebr. 7, 8, 26, 31, 44, 45, 50, 56, 57,604, Ahebr. 278 and Cod.gr. 14.

Decoration Program

None.

Summary and Remarks

Ezra of Fano appears in BSB Cod.hebr. 8, 9, 26, 31, 56, 57. 

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Owners' inscriptions: None. Inscriptions of librarians and researchers: Front cover flyleaf, verso: contents in Hebrew in brown ink by Librarian 1a: ספר יסוד עולם לרבי יצחק בן יוסף/ על (יסוד) חוזה כוכבים ומעשה מרכבה/ גם לוח העברונות. Below, on the left: Sephaer Jesod olam leribi ijtzhak baen Joseph\ al Hose chochauin vmaaese merchaba\ gam loha haabronos, and on the right by Librarian 3: Rabi Isaac filij Joseph fundamentum\ Mundi de Astronomia et Astologia\ agens, tum tabula Calendarij. Back pastedown, in plummet on the exlibris: contents of the manuscript in German. Exlibris and stamps: Front cover pastedown: an exlibris of the Bavarian Court and State Library (227 x 155 mm) with the arms of Elector Maximilian I of 1638 (Dressler 1972:B3ab), stuck over his earlier exlibris (175 x 135 mm) of 1618, before he became Elector in 1623 (Dressler 1972:A3a-f). On fol. 1v, a 20th-century oval stamp of the BSB: BIBLIOTHECA\ REGIA\ MONACENSIS. Old signatures: Front cover, lower right corner in black ink: 2. n0. 35 (Duke's library, Prommer's signature). Front pastedown, upper right corner in brown ink: MS. Hebr. 31. Front cover flyleaf, verso, lower part in red ink: 2. 31 (Duke's library, Prommer's revision of 1583). Sticker on the spine and back pastedown: Cod.hebr. 35 (current signature). On exlibris in plummet: Cod.hebr. 35 (current signature).
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Dressler 1972 F. Dressler, Die Exlibris der Bayerischen Hof- und Staatsbibliothek, 17. bis 20. Jahrhundert, Wiesbaden 1972. Harlfinger 1974-80 D. Harlfinger, Wasserzeichen aus griechischen Handschriften, Berlin 1974-1980. Hobson 1999 A. Hobson, Renaissance Book Collecting: Jean Grolier and Diego Hurtado de Mendoza, their Books and Bindings, Cambridge 1999. Langermann 1999 Y. T. Langermann, The Jews and the Sciences in the Middle Ages, Aldershot 1999. Sirat and Dukan, unpublished C. Sirat and M. Dukan, Etude des manuscrits hébreux"sehr inkorrekt" conservés dans la Bibliothèque de Munich (Institut des Recherche et d'histoire des Textes, CNRS, Paris), unpublished. Steinschneider 1895 M. Steinschneider, Die Hebräischen Handschriften der K. Hof- und Staatsbibliothek in München, Munich 1895.
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Ilona Steimann | 2008, 2015
Author of description
Ilona Steimann; Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 2008, 2015; 2015
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
Michal Sternthal; Project Head: Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 05-2016; 2008-2015
Language Editor
Christine Evans | 2015
Donor
Supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation |
Negative/Photo. No.