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Obj. ID: 20943
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  Fugger's 14th Miscellany on Kabbalah, Venice, 1551

© BSB, Photographer: Unknown,

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Name/Title
Fugger's Fourteenth Venetian Miscellany on Kabbalah | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
1552
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community
Unknown |
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 33 (Steinschneider 1895: No. 33)
Material/Technique
Paper, 1 + 402 + 1 leaves.
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Full page: (346-347) x (231-233) mm.
Text space: Yishai ben Yehiel: (238-239) x (138-140) mm.
Yaakov ben Yosef: (239-240) x (135-136) mm.
Reuven ben Shlomo Ashkenazi: (238-239) x (141-142) mm.
Scribe D: (238-239) x (147-149) mm.
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Well preserved. Apparently the manuscript was not used.
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
1
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
1. Sitrei Torah (סתרי תורה; The Secrets of the Torah) by Abraham ben Shmuel Abulafia (fols. 1-71), Kabbalistic commentary on Moses ben Maimon's Guide to the Perplexed: beginsתורה נחלק לשלושה חלקים אורה חיים; מקור חיים; תוצחת חיים (cf. Idel 1976:12 n. 43). Other copies in Munich: BSB Cod.hebr. 28 (fols. 192-265) from Fugger's Venetian group; BSB Cod.hebr. 56 (fols. 61-129v) from Fugger's Venetian group; BSB Cod.hebr. 112 (111v-119) produced for Johann Albrecht Widmanstetter by Paulus Aemilius; BSB Cod.hebr. 341 (fols. 136-180v), belonged to Domenico Grimani and later to Johann Albrecht Widmanstetter; a fragment in BSB Cod.hebr. 11 (fols. 323v-329). 2. Yikkavu ha-Mayyim (יקוו המים; Study of water and bodies of water) by Samuel ibn Tibbon (fols. 72-127v): beginsאמר שמואל בר' יהודה בין תבון הספרדי ז"ל שאל ממני אחד מן החברים המשכילים המבקשים למצוא. The text is garbled. 3. Fragment of a Medical Treatise (fols. 128-129): begins הידיעה באופן הסרת הסבות המניעות רפואות. 4. Commentary on Isaac Israeli's Yesod Olam (באור יסוד עולם; The Foundation of the World) by Solomon Corcos (fols. 129-184): begins ביאור יסוד עולם כתב דוד המלך עליו השלום ראשית חכמה יראת ה'. Other copies in Munich: BSB Cod.hebr. 43 (fols. 146v-183) from Fugger's Venetian group; BSB Cod.hebr. 261 (fols. 1-48), belonged to Johann Albrecht Widmanstetter. 5. Sefer Rav Pe'alim (ספר רב פעלים; A book of Responsa) by Isaac ben Abraham ibn Latif (fols. 185-192v): begins ספר נקרא רב פעלים כלל גדול וסוג עליון מאסף. 6. Zurat ha-Olam (צורת העולם; The Shape of the World) by Isaac ben Abraham ibn Latif (fol. 193-223v): begins ספר נקרא צורת עולם ספר ספירות כל יצור סופר (Stern 1860). 7. Zeror ha-Mor (צרור המור; Bouquet of Myrrh) by Isaac ben Abraham ibn Latif (fols. 224-228v): beginsספר הנקרא צרור המור ראו ספר כמוצא פי מצאתיו ועל אבני יסוד עולם בניתיו (Jellinek 1956:154-159). 8. Iggeret ha-Teshuvah (אגרת התשובה; Epistle on Repentance) attributed to Isaac ben Abraham ibn Latif (fols. 229-251v): begins אגרת תשובה ויהי בימים הרבים מן השמים לחמוני הככבים (Berliner 1885:45-70). 9. Commentary on Urim ve-Tumim (באור על אורים ותומים) by Samuel ben Samuel ibn Tibbon (fols. 251v-253): begins זה כתב החכם ר' משה תבון ז"ל בענין המצוייר בהגדות במסכת יומא בסוף פרק בא לו כהן גדול בעניין אורים ותומים. 10. Ginzei ha-Melekh (גנזי המלך; The King's Treasuries) Isaac ben Abraham ibn Latif (fols. 254-299v): begins:ספר גינזי המלך ואלה תולדות יצחק בן אברהם. אמר המחבר מטעם בחירתי בחיים התמידיים האמיתיים נכספה וגם כלתה נפשי. 11. Commentary on Proverbs, Psalms and Job by Solomon ben Isaac (Rashi) (fols. 300-394): beginsאשרי האיש בעשרה לשונידמר נאמר ספר זה בניצוח בניגון כדאמר.
Codicology
Scribes
Yaakov ben Hayyim: fol. 1 (title page). Yishai ben Yehiel (Scribe A*): fols. 2-72 in brown ink. Yaakov ben Yosef (Scribe B): fols. 73-184 in brown ink. Reuven ben Shlomo Ashkenazi (Scribe C): fols. 185-299v in brown ink. Interpolator 1** (Interpolator A*): fol. 295 (lines 8: על... -14: הענין...). Scribe 22** (Scribe D): fols. 300-394, except for the last sentence (והימך...) and final formula on fol. 394 which were written by Yishai ben Yehiel. Each section of the text of the first three scribes was proofread by the scribes themselves; the text of the last scribe was proofread by the anonymous corrector of the Fugger group (e.g. fol. 341). * The letters A, B, etc. denote the order of copying by the main scribes and interpolators in this manuscript. ** Running numbers (Scribe 1, 2, etc.) denote anonymous main scribes and interpolators throughout the entire group of Fugger’s Venetian manuscripts. Scribes identified by name are not numbered.
Script
The text is written in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script.
Number of Lines
The text is written in 29-30 lines per page, mostly in one column.
Ruling
Ruling by stylus: 30 horizontal and 1+1 vertical lines, e.g. fol. 184.
Pricking
None.
Quires
51 quires of 8 leaves each, except for XXIV2. Quire composition: I8 (1-8); II8 (9-16); III8 (17-24); IV8 (25-32); V8 (33-40); VI8 (41-48); VII8 (49-56); VIII8 (57-64); IX8 (65-71a); X8 (72-79); XI8 (80-87); XII8 (88-95); XIII8 (96-103); XIV8 (104-111); XV8 (112-119); XVI8 (120-127); XVII8 (128-135); XVIII8 (136-143); XIX8 (144-151); XX8 (152-159); XXI8 (160-167); XXII8 (168-175); XXIII8 (176-183); XXIV2 (184-184a); XXV8 (184b-191); XXVI8 (192-199); XXVII8 (200-207); XXVIII8 (208-215); XXIX8 (216-223); XXX8 (224-231); XXXI8 (232-239); XXXII8 (240-247); XXXIII8 (248-253, 253a, 253b); XXXIV8 (253c-260); XXXV8 (261-268); XXXVI8 (269-276); XXXVII8 (277-284); XXXVIII8 (285-292); XXXIX8 (293-299a); XL8 (300-307); XLI8 (308-315); XLII8 (316-323); XLIII8 (324-331); XLIV8 (332-339); XLV8 (340-347); XLVI8 (348-355); XLVII8 (356-363); XLVIII8 (364-371); XLIX8 (372-379); L8 (380-387); LI8 (388-394a).
Catchwords
Catchwords for leaves are written horizontally at the left under the text in semi-cursive by the text scribe.
Hebrew Numeration
None.
Blank Leaves
Fols. 1v, 71v, 71a-71a verso, 72v, 184v, 184a-184a verso, 184b-184b verso, 299a-299a verso, 300v, 394v, 394a-394a verso.
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Fol. 70v: תם ונשלם בעזרת יוצר עולם יו' ד' כא תמוז שי"ב לפ"ק (It was completed with the help of the Creator of the World, Wednesday, 21st Tamuz 5312 (13.7.1552)). Fol. 250v: ותכל מלאכת עבודת הקדש זה הספר הנותן/ מתקי אמרי שפר. כתבתיו אני ראובן בן מהר"ר/ שלמה אשכנזי. דין הו' סייפר' דמגלי רזי. וכתבתיו/ אל משיר קורניליו אדילקינד הדר בווינציאה הבירה/ ואולי הוא יוציא לאור תעלומו'(ת) חכמה הזאת ויקרה/ כי כן הוציא וגילה דברים נעימים היו נעלמים במלאכת/ הדפוס הלא כל מלאכתו אשר הדפיס מזוקקים שבעתים/ מכל טעות הם נשמרים. החזיק היין הזך והוציא/ השמרים בירר הפסולת והראה האוכל. ספרי ספריו/ אשר נדפסו תחת ידו מעולים מכל אבקת רוכל/ ותהי השלמתו יום ג’ כ"ח תמוז שי"ב לפ"ק פה/ ק"ק [קהילת קודש] אודינה בהיותי משתופף בצל תקרת אדו'(ני) הגביר/ הנעלה כמ"ר מאיר כ"ץ בכמ"ר משה כ"ץ ז"ל [זכרו לברכה] רפא (This holy work began… I, Reuven ben R. Shlomo Askenazi, copied it … for Messir Corneglio Adilkind who lives in Venice the capital, and perhaps he will print these mysteries of precious wisdom, as he [already] printed and revealed nice things which were unknown in the work of printing. Was not all his work which he printed purified seven times, and saved from any error? … It was completed on Tuesday, 28th Tamuz 5312 (20.7.1552), here in the holy community of Udine, while I was bent under the shadow of the roof of the prominent and honourable R. Meir Katz son of R. Moshe Katz the physician of blessed memory).
Scribal Notes
Fol. 199: כתו'(ב) בהעתק/ שכאן שבוש'(ים)/ בלשון (Written in the exemplar, that here the language is confused).
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding

Dark green leather on wooden boards (347 x220 mm); gold-tooled with a central roundel on the front and a shield on the back cover within an undulating lozenge in a large rectangle, decorated with floral motifs at the centre of each side and at the corners. The front roundel is inscribed כאבאלה , and below are the letters NNNN. The spine, blind-tooled with hatching, has three hidden cords and head and tail bands. On the edges of the front cover are vestiges of four groups of three plaited leather bands, two on the side and one each on the upper and lower edges, with corresponding holes for four nails on the edges of the back cover (for preserved bands see Cod.hebr. 301). Each group of three bands terminated in a ring intended to hook over the nails in the opposite cover. The leaves are gilt-edged.

 

This binding was made for Fugger by the 'Fugger Binder' inVenice(Hobson 1999:119-129). Similar bindings in BSB: e.g. Cod.hebr. 19, 27, 39, 42, 47, 51, 55, 59, 61, 65, 66.

 

Watermarks on the back flyleaf: A zigzag (43 mm): unidentified.

Decoration Program
  1. Decorated title by Yaakov ben Hayyim (fol. 1).
  2. Crown by Yishai surmounts the words Sitrei Torah (fol. 5), Raziel (fol. 7) and Abraham (fol. 34). 
Summary and Remarks

Yaakov ben Hayyim appears in BSB Cod.hebr. 59, 64; Yishai ben Yehiel in BSB Cod.hebr. 7, 10, 19, 26, 28, 30, 31, 42, 44, 45, 46, 47, 50, 52, 56, 58, 62, 64, 68; Yaakov ben Yosef Cod.hebr. 10, 12, 15, 17, 22, 24, 27, 31, 32, 40, 43, 48, 49, 52, 55, 57, 58, 61, 62, 73; Reuven ben Shlomo Ashkenazi in BSB Cod.hebr. 55, 46; and Scribe22 inthis manuscript only.

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Owners' inscriptions: None. Inscriptions of librarians and researchers: Front pastedown: an inscription in brown ink by Librarian 1a: מאמר יקוו המים לרבי שמואל/ אבן תבון זצ"ל/ ספר נקרא רב פעלים/ ספר הנקרא צרור המור/ ספר גנזי המלך/ פירוש תהילים ומשלי מרבי/ ואיוב מנחם. Below it: Maaemar ijkaphu hamaijm leribi Schemuel\ Aeuaen tibon sezal\ Sephaer nikra raf poelim\ Sepher hanikra zeror hamor\ Sepher ginse hamaelaech\ Perusch tehilim vmischli (veIof) meribi\ menahem. Below on the right, by Librarian 3: R. Samuelis filij Tibon liber\ maemar Iikaphu hamaijm dictus\ i.Scaturigo.\ Raf poelim Liber multarum Actionum.\ Zeror hamor fascitulus mirrsiae\ Ginse hamelech. Scrinium Regis.\ R. Menahem comentaria super\ psalmos, prouerbia et Job. On a cropped leaf inserted between the front flyleaf and fol. 1, by an unknown hand, in Hebrew: פרושים של רבינו שלמה וקצת/ תלמוד קצת על חמשה חומשי תורה/ ועל ההפטרות מכל שנה/ חלק ראשון. Below by Librarian 3: Peruschim schael Rabenu schloma Vkzas\ Talmud, kazar al hamischa humschi Tora,\ veal Hahaphtharos Michal haschana\ Helaek Rschon.\ Comentarius super Rabino Schloma, pars Talmud\ breuiter comphensa, super quinqe libris legis, et\ super lectionibus totius anni.\ Pars prima. Front pastedown, on the exlibris in plummet: the content of the book in German. Exlibris and stamps: Inside of back cover: an exlibris of the Bavarian Court and State Library (227 x 155 mm) with the arms of Elector Maximilian I of 1638 (Dressler 1972:B3ab), stuck over his earlier exlibris (175 x 135 mm) of 1618, before he became Elector in 1623 (Dressler 1972:A3a-f). On the front pastedown, verso, is a 20th-century oval stamp of the BSB: BIBLIOTHECA\ REGIA\ MONACENSIS. Old signatures: Back cover, upper part in black ink: (erased) (second signature of Fugger's library). Front cover, lower part in black ink: 2. n. 19 (Duke's library, Prommer's signature). Front flyleaf, verso in red ink: 2. 40 (Duke's library, Prommer's revision of 1583). Front pastedown, upper right corner in brown ink: MS. Hebr. 29. Front flyleaf, recto, upper left corner in dark brown ink: n0 9. Sticker on the spine: 85; and on the spine and back pastedown in black ink: Cod. hebr. 33 (current signature). On the exlibris, upper left corner in plummet: Cod.hebr. 33 (current signature). On the cropped leaf inserted between the front flyleaf and fol. 1, in red ink: I.55 (apparently belongs to another manuscript).
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Berliner 1885 א' ברלינר, "אגרת התשובה", קובץ על יד, א (תרמ"ו): 45-70 (A. Berliner, "Iggeret ha-Teshuvah", Kovez Al Yad, i (1885):45-70). Dressler 1972 F. Dressler, Die Exlibris der Bayerischen Hof- und Staatsbibliothek, 17. bis 20. Jahrhundert, Wiesbaden 1972. Harlfinger 1974-80 D. Harlfinger, Wasserzeichen aus griechischen Handschriften, Berlin 1974-1980. Hobson 1999 A. Hobson, Renaissance Book Collecting: Jean Grolier and Diego Hurtado de Mendoza, their Books and Bindings, Cambridge 1999. Idel 1976 מ' אידל, כתבי ר' אברהם אבולעפיה ומשנתו, ירושלים תשל"ו (M. Idel, Writings of R. Abraham Abulafia and his Teaching, Jerusalem 1976). Jellinek 1956 א’ ילינק, "ספר צרור המור לחכם האלהי ר' יצחק אבן לטיף זצ"ל מעותק מתוך כ"י", כרם חמד ט (תרט"ז): 159-154 (A. Jellinek, "The Book Zeror ha-Mor by Itzhak ibn Latif, copied from a Manuscript," Kerem Hemed 9 (1956):154-159. Sirat and Dukan, unpublished C. Sirat and M. Dukan, Etude des manuscrits hébreux"sehr inkorrekt" conservés dans la Bibliothèque de Munich (Institut des Recherche et d'histoire des Textes, CNRS, Paris), unpublished. Steinschneider 1895 M. Steinschneider, Die Hebräischen Handschriften der K. Hof- und Staatsbibliothek in München, Munich 1895. Stern 1860ש' ז' שטרן, צורת העולם, וינה תר"ך (S. Z. Stern, Zurat ha-Olam, Vienna 1860).
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Ilona Steimann | 2008, 2015
Researcher
Ilona Steimann; Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 2008, 2015; 2015
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconsdivuction
|
Section Head
Michal Sternthal; Project Head: Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 05-2016; 2008-2015
Language Editor
Christine Evans | 2015
Donor
Supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation |
Negative/Photo. No.