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Obj. ID: 20907
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  Munich Ilan Dikkduk ha-Torah, Mikulov (Moravia), 1692

© BSB, Photographer: Unknown,

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Name/Title
Munich Ilan Dikkduk ha-Torah | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
1692
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 451 (Róth 1965, No. 359)
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
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Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Condition
Well preserved.
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Ilan Dikkduk ha-Torah (The Grammar Tree of the Torah, אילין (!) דיקדוק התורה) is a Hebrew grammar scroll according to the Kabbalah written in graphic form by the Kabbalist-artist Hammerschlag in 1692. Inscribed at the beginning of the fourth right circle from the top: בספר הבחור במאמר א' עקר.... This Sefer ha-Bachur is also mentioned at the beginning of the top left circle. The text within the strip surrounding the centre is entitled to right and left: סוד טעמי המקרא (The Secret of the Torah Neums).
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Flanking the title, in coloured cartouches, in large square script in dark brown ink, from top right to top left: משכיל לפ"ק :שנת בן The year 5452/1692. Below the left cartouche: 'וגם ב"ך יאמינו וגו: And believe thee [for ever] (Exodus, 19:9). At the end of the sheet: לזכות הרבים יגעתי. וטעם טוב טעמתי. לזכרון שמי חתמתי. נאם נתן נטע חזן וקס"ת סופר ארבעה ארצות פולין בן החסיד האלוף כהר"ר משה נפתלי הירש זצ"ל ממשפחת הרמה האמירשלאק חונה בק"ק ניקלשפורג: The scroll was composed by Natan Neta the official Cantor and designated secretary (Qesset Sofer) of the Council of Four Lands of Poland, son of the late R. Moshe Naftali Hirsch of the Rema Hammerschlag family in Nikolsburg (Mikulov). The family name "the Rema" refers most probably to Moshe Isserles (1520 Krakow, Poland - 1572), who is known as הרמ"א, and not to the 13th-century Spanish Talmudist "the Ramah" (הרמ"ה).
Scribal Notes
Inscribed at the end of the upper right circle כדאית'(א) בכתבי הארי ז"ל (as in the writings of the late ha-Ari). This is mentioned again in the second large circle in the centre entitled איתן (Firm). In the text סוד טעמי המקרא (The Secret of the Torah Neums), the scribe mentions that he found this iscription in the writings of Menahem Ziyoni Zefoni z"ztl (מצאתי בכתבי האשל הגדול מוהרר מנחם ציוני צפוני זצ"ל).
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
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Trade Mark
Binding

Until 2008 the scroll was kept in a wooden cylinder (length: 80.3cm; with handles: 99.7cm; diameter: 5.2cm), with wooden covers on either end. The cylinder is carved with a crenellated motif round the top, middle and bottom, and is similar to the wooden cylinder which held the scroll Cod.hebr. 450.

On the cylinder is an oval sticker inscribed in Latin: Tabula linguae/ hebraicae/ f.

Next to it is a small label marked: U 547. On the top cover is a sticker with the letter: f in black ink and another on the side: Cod.Hebr. 451.

From 2009, the scroll and its wooden cover have been kept in a drum–like cardboard box.

10.11.2009: According to Mrs. Christl Beinhofer from the Institut für Buchrestaurierung inMunichwho checked the wooden cylinders for this scroll and for BSB Cod.hebr. 450, the wood came from West Africa (SierraLeon,LiberiaorCameroon).It is balsa wood, type Kondroti (Rodoghnaphalon brevicusspe, Bombaceae). It is light, does not affect other materials and is immune to vermin. 

Decoration Program

The text is written in three columns within rectangles and coloured circles. The central column includes 10 roundels arranged in a hexagon similar to the kabbalistic Ilan Sephiroth, with four additional smaller roundels in the spandrels. This central layout is surrounded by a wide strip of text and flanked by two columns of five roundels. Five smaller roundels are arranged horizontally at the end of the scroll. All roundels are inscribed and are surrounded by small floral motifs. The colours are brown ink, red, yellow ochre and some greyish-blue washes.

Summary and Remarks

See BSB Cod.hebr. 450 (CJA Documentation).

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
On the verso of the sheet is the stamp of the library: BAYERISCHE STAATSBIBLIOTHEK MÜNCHEN. Next to it is glued a small piece of paper inscribed by pen: Hebr. 451. This scroll, together with Cod.hebr.450 (see CJA Documentation), was part of the Mannheim Court library, as they contain the old signature U 547f., and the inscription Tabula cabalistica, the typical collection number and inscriptions of the Mannheim library. Both scrolls were transferred to Munich in 1804, after the electorates of the Platinate and Bavaria had been united by Karl Theodor in 1777.
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Kallush, Diagrams M. Kallush, "On a Purported Copy of the Cosmographic Diagrams of R. Hayim Vital", unpublished paper). Róth 1965 E. Róth, Hebräische Handschriften II (Verzeichnis der Orientalischen Handschriften in Deutschland, ed. H. Striedl, vol. VI,2), Wiesbaden 1965, pp. 254, No. 359. See also: Dean Phillip Bell, Jewish Identity in Early Modern Germany, Chicago 2007. Meir Balaban, History of the Jews in Krakow and Kazimirsz, 1304-1868 (Hebrew translation from Polish by D. Weinfeld and al.), Jerusalem 2003.
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Michal Sternthal | 2008
Author of description
Michal Sternthal; Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 2008, 2012; 2012, 2014
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
Michal Sternthal; Project Head: Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 05-2016; 2008-2015
Language Editor
Christine Evans | 2014
Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.