Home
    Under Reconstruction!
Object Alone

Obj. ID: 20171
Jewish Architecture
  Small Synagogue in Chełm, Poland

© Virtual Shtetl, Photographer: Shalom, Yarek,

A small synagogue in Chelm was built in the years 1912-1914 from donations of the Jewish population. The brick building was built on a rectangular plan. There was a one-story prayer room and multi-story porches with a women’s gallery and vestibule. Inside the synagogue there are four cast-iron posts that outline a place for the bimah. On the front elevation, an asymmetrically situated entrance with an oculus and the Decalogue is visible. Characteristic elements for the synagogue are semicircular windows. Near the synagogue, the rabbi’s house remains as it has been preserved. It was built in 1914. Currently, it is a dwelling house. The synagogue is situated on the corner of Kopernika and Krzywa Streets.

During the Second World War, the German army partly burnt down a synagogue. In 1955, part of the building was rebuilt and it was used as a flour warehouse. In that time, a few rooms were occupied by a Jewish family, who turned it into a prayer chamber. In 1984, the building was owned by the Polish Federation of Engineering Associations (NOT). During the years 1984-1987, the Social Committee of Building renovated the synagogue. In June 2004, the Polish Federation of Engineering Associations decided to sell the building with the encouragement of other Jewish Religious Districts with a seat in Warsaw. Finally it was bought by a private entrepreneur.

The new purchaser did not reveal his name for some time. A local newspaper advertised organizing weeding parties in the synagogue. On the 1st of April 2006, the building’s owner put on the front wall of the building a wooden beam with the inscription „McKenzie Saloon”. Inside the synagogue there were colt’s replicas, cowboys hats and photos of Indian chiefs. This provoked a protest of Jewish communities in Poland and abroad. The committee of Chelm in Israel, which gathers former inhabitants of Chelm, submitted a letter to the then mayor of Chelm - Krzysztof Grabarczyk. Despite criticism expressed by the Heritage Conservator , the former synggogue is now housing a restaurant and weddings are organized there. In Chelm’s Tourist Information Center there is a plaque financed by the European Union, which describes the history of the synagogue. The plaque was to be part of a Chelm monuments tourist trail but the owner of the building of the former synagogue does not permit it to be displayed.

0 image(s)

This set has no children

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Small Synagogue in Chełm | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
1912-1914
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
1955
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Brick
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Restaurant
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
B (Fair)
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
2 (Regional)
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

Bergman, Eleonora and Jan Jagelski, Zachowane synagogi i domy modlitwy w Polsce. Katalog. (Warsaw, 1996), p. 31 with ill.;

Andrzej Trzciński, The Traces of Monuments of Jewish Culture in the Lublin Region ([Lublin], [1989]), p. 22-3;

http://www.sztetl.org.pl/en/article/chelm/11,synagogues-prayer-houses-and-others/2,small-synagogue-in-chelm-8-kopernik-street-/

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
|
Author of description
|
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.