Under Reconstruction!
Object Alone

Obj. ID: 20161
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  Fugger's Eighth Miscellany on Kabbalah, Venice, c.1549

© BSB, Photographer: Unknown,

Fol. 174: The title of the treatise Sod ha-Geula (סוד הגאולה; Secret of Salvation) is written in display script by Yishai ben Yehiel in the upper part of the page. The letters are decorated with acanthus scrolls and ribbon-like motifs; a rabbit and a human face are in the foot of the second and third letters (ג and א).  

Summary and Remarks

Yaakov ben Yosef appears in BSB Cod.hebr. 12, 15, 17, 22, 24, 27, 31, 32, 40, 43, 48, 49, 52, 57, 58, 62, 73; Scribe4 inBSB Cod.hebr. 24, 52 and 62; and Yishai ben Yehiel in BSB Cod.hebr. 7, 19, 26, 28, 30, 31, 33, 42, 44, 45, 46, 47, 50, 52, 56, 58, 62, 64, 68. 


2 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Fugger's Eighth Venetian Miscellany on Kabbalah | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
circa 1549
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Historical Origin
Community type
Unknown |
Period Detail
Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 10 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 10)
Documentation / Research project
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Textual Content
Unknown |
Languages of inscription
Shape / Form
Material / Technique
Paper, 1 + 274 (numbered as 267) + 1 leaves.
Watermarks: A trefoil flower between 'P' and '3' in the outer corner of the folio (32 mm; e.g. fols. 1, 13, 20, 41, 62, 74, 97, 127b, 130, 177, 182, 236, 266): similar to Harlfinger 1974-80, Lettres 75 (Venice, 1548, 1550).
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Construction material
Full page: (351-352) x (246-247) mm.
Text space: Yaakov ben Yosef: (238-239) x (135-137) mm.
Scribe 4: 239 x (138-141) mm.
Yishai ben Yehiel: (239-240) x (140-142) mm.
Panel Measurements
Well preserved. Apparently the manuscript was not used.
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
1. Ozar ha-Kavod (אוצר הכבוד; lit. Treasury of Dignity). Kabbalistic commentary on the legends of the Talmud by Todros ben Joseph Abulafia, 13 tractates (fols. 1-127v): beginsתניא ר' אליעזר אומר שלש משמרות הוי הלילה. Other copies in Munich: BSB Cod.hebr. 103 (fols. 4v-111) produced for Johann Albrecht Widmanstetter by Paulus Aemilius; Cod.hebr. 344. 1st complete ed. Warsaw 1879. 2. Ner Elohim (נר אלהים; Light of God) attributed to Abraham ben Samuel Abulafia (fols. 128-173): begins ספר נר אלהים נר אלהים יי' נשמת אדם חופש כל חדרי בטן עניין סוד ברכת כהנים למדהו לנו משה בן עמרם ע"ה. According to M. Idel the author is not Abraham Abulafia, but the treatise belongs to his circle (Idel 1976:72-75; see also Idel 1988:346-347, 351; Wolfson 1994:149). 3. Megillat ha-Megalleh (מגלת המגלה; Scroll of the Revealer). An eschatological work by Abraham ben Hiyya (fols. 174-267v): beginsאני אברהם הספרדי ב"ר חייא זצ"ל אני ... לחבר מגילה שתהיה מגלה את סוד הגאולה (published in Poznansky 1924 [MS = מ']).
Yaakov ben Yosef (Scribe A*): fols.1, 128-173 in dark and light brown ink. Scribe 4** (Scribe B): fols. 2-127v in dark brown ink. Yishai ben Yehiel (Scribe C): fols. 174-267v in black ink. The text of Scribe 4 was proofread by the corrector of Fugger's group (e.g. fols. 5v, 16v, 19v). The other two scribes proofread their own texts. * The letters A, B, etc. denote the order of copying by the main scribes and interpolators in this manuscript. ** The running numbers (Scribe 1, 2, etc.) denote the anonymous main scribes and interpolators throughout the entire group of Fugger’s Venetian manuscripts. The scribes identified by name are not numbered.
The main text is written in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script.
Number of Lines
The text is written in 30 lines per page.
Ruling by stylus: 30 horizontal and 1+1 vertical lines (e.g. fol. 127b). Fol. 1: Yaakov duplicated some of the lines of the ruling in plummet to guide his script. It is the same hue of plummet as he used for underdrawing the contours of the display script.
27 quires of 10 leaves each, except for XIV12, XV12, XVI12, XXVII8. Quire composition: I10 (1-10); II10 (11-20); III10 (21-30); IV10 (31-40); V10 (41-50); VI10 (51-60); VII10 (61-70); VIII10 (71-80); IX10 (81-90); X10 (91-100); XI10 (101-110); XII10 (111-120); XIII10 (121-127, 127a, 127b, 127c); XIV12 (128-139); XV12 (140-151); XVI12 (152-163); XVII10 (164-173); XVIII10 (174-183); XIX10 (184-193); XX10 (194-203); XXI10 (204-213); XXII10 (214-223); XXIII10 (224-233); XXIV10 (234-243); XXV10 (244-253); XXVI10 (254-263); XXVII8 (264-267, 267a, 267b, 267c, 267d).
Catchwords for leaves are written horizontally below the text on the left in semi-cursive script by the text scribes.
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Fols. 1v, 127a-127c verso, 128v, 173v, 174v, 267a-267d verso.
Façade (main)
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Scribal Notes
Trade Mark

Green leather on wooden boards (350 x241 mm); gold-tooled with a central roundel on the front and a shield on the back cover within an undulating lozenge in a large rectangle, decorated with floral motifs at the centre of each side and at the corners. The front roundel is inscribed קבלה, above is the letter צ and below is a V (first signature of the Fugger library). The spine, blind-tooled with hatching, has four hidden cords and head and tail bands. On the edges of the front cover are vestiges of four groups of three plaited leather bands; two on the side edge and one each on the upper and lower edges, with corresponding holes for four nails on the edges of the back cover (for preserved bands see Cod.hebr. 301). Each group of three bands terminated in a ring intended to hook over the nails on the opposite cover. The leaves are gilt-edged.


This binding was executed for Fugger by the ‘Fugger Binder’ in Venice(Hobson 1999:119-129). Similar bindings in BSB: e.g. Cod.hebr. 12, 15, 23, 62.


Watermarks on flyleaves: A star above an anchor within a circle at the centre of the folio (65 mm; front and back cover flyleaves): similar to Harlfinger 1974-80, Ancre 24-31 (Venice, 1556).

Decoration Program

The decoration is by Yaakov ben Yosef and Yishai ben Yehiel:

Decorative titles written in display letters by Yaakov ben Yosef (fol. 1; for similar titles, captions and initial words see BSB, Cod.hebr. 15, fol. 245; Cod.hebr. 17, fol. 169; Cod.hebr. 22, fols. 1, 70, 81; Cod.hebr. 24, fols. 165, 213; Cod.hebr. 32, fol. 1; Cod.hebr. 40, fols. 160, 161, 219, 219v; Cod.hebr. 48, fol. 1; Cod.hebr. 52, fol. 1; Cod.hebr. 62, fols. 1, 183) and by Yishai ben Yehiel (fol. 174).


Suggested Reconsdivuction
Owners' inscriptions: None. Inscriptions of librarians and researchers: The numbering of texts by Fugger’s librarians does not always correspond to their actual number in the manuscript, however in this case it does. N0 1: fols. 1-127v; N0 2: fols. 128-173; N0 3: fols. 174r-267v. Front flyleaf, verso: an inscription in dark brown ink by Librarian 1a: אוצר הכבוד. מסכת ברכות/ מסכת שבת. מסכת מגילה/ מסכת סוכה. מסכת פסחים/ מסכת יבמות. מסכת סוטה/ מסכת כתובות/ ספר נר אלהים סוד הגאולה. Below it, by Librarians 1a and 3 in greyish ink (Librarian 3 underlined): 1. Ozar hachabod. Thesaurus honoris. 2. Masaechaes Berachos. Tractatus Benedictionu/ 3. Masaechaes schabas. Tractatus Sabbatorum. 4. Masaechaes Megila. Tractatus historiae.\ 5. Masaechaes Suka. Tractatus Tabernaculj. 6. Masaechaes Pesahim. Tractatus Pascarum.\ 7. Masaechaes Jeuamos. Tractatus Fratriarum. 8. Masaechaes Sotha. Tractatus de Diuersione\ 9. Masaechaes chesubos. Tractatus Dotium.\ 10. Sephaer ner alohim: Sod hagula.\ Liber qui vocatur Lux Dei'. autore Mose. f. Ameron.\ 11. Sod hagula. Mysterium de redemptione. autoro Abrahamo hispano/ filio Hiae. Exlibris and stamps: Inside front wooden board: an exlibris of the Bavarian Court and State Library (230 x 155 mm) with the arms of Elector Maximilian I of 1638 (Dressler 1972:B3ab). It is stuck over his earlier exlibris (175 x 135 mm) of 1618, before he became Elector in 1623 (Dressler 1972:A3a-f). Old signatures: Back cover, upper right in black ink: Stat. 8 n. 33 (second signature of Fugger’s library). Front cover, lower right in black ink: I. n. 52 (Duke's library, Prommer's signature). Front flyleaf verso, in red ink: 2. 52 (Duke's library, Prommer's revision of 1583). Front third flyleaf verso, lower part, in red ink: 2. 44. Front pastedown, upper right in black ink: MS. Hebr. 6.
Main Surveys & Excavations
Dressler 1972 F. Dressler, Die Exlibris der Bayerischen Hof- und Staatsbibliothek, 17. bis 20. Jahrhundert, Wiesbaden 1972. Harlfinger 1974-80 D. Harlfinger, Wasserzeichen aus griechischen Handschriften, Berlin 1974-1980. Hobson 1999 A. Hobson, Renaissance Book Collecting: Jean Grolier and Diego Hurtado de Mendoza, their Books and Bindings, Cambridge 1999. Idel 1976 מ' אידל, כתבי ר' אברהם אבולעפיה ומשנתו, ירושלים תשל"ו (M. Idel, Writings of R. Abraham Abulafia and his Teaching, Ph.D. thesis, Jerusalem 1976). Idel 1988 M. Idel, Kabbalah: New Perspectives, New Haven 1988. Poznansky 1924 ז' פוזננסקי, ספר מגלת המגלה לר' אברהם בר חייא הנשיא, ברלין תרפ"ד Sirat and Dukan, unpublished C. Sirat and M. Dukan, Etude des manuscrits hébreux"sehr inkorrekt" conservés dans la Bibliothèque de Munich (Institut des Recherche et d'histoire des Textes, CNRS, Paris), unpublished. Steinschneider 1895 M. Steinschneider, Die Hebräischen Handschriften der K. Hof- und Staatsbibliothek in München, Munich 1895. Wolfson 1994 א' וולפסון, "דמות יעקב חקוקה בכסא הכבוד - עיון נוסף בתורת הסוד של חסידות אשכנז", משואות: מחקרים בספרות הקבלה ובמחשבת ישראל, מוקדשים לזכרו של אפרים גוטליב (עורכים מ' אורון וע' גולדרייך), ירושלים תשנ"ד, עמ' 131-185.
Ilona Steimann | 2008, 2015
Author of description
Ilona Steimann; Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 2008, 2015; 2015
Architectural Drawings
Computer Reconstruction
Section Head
Michal Sternthal; Project Head: Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 04-2016; 2008-2015
Language Editor
Christine Evans | 2015
Supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation |
Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed:
Unknown |