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Obj. ID: 17329
Jewish Funerary Art
  Holocaust memorial in the Jewish cemetery in Čakovec, Croatia, 1948

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Levin, Vladimir, 2021

Memorial Name

No official name

Who is Commemorated?

Jews from Čakovec murdered in Auschwitz

Description:

The monument is situated near the entrance to the cemetery, on the southern side of the entrance plaza. It occupies the plot of a prominent family grave adjacent to two additional prominent family graves, which consist of a wall and a roof supported by two columns.

The monument consists of a clay statue on a pedestal. The statue presents a medieval executioner ("a Nazi hangman," according to Etz-Haim, p. 164) with a knife in his right hand. With his left hand, he holds the hand of a naked woman, kneeling at his feet, who holds a baby in her other hand. The base of the statue features a scratched date: 21.V.1944 – the day when the Čakovec Jews deported to Auschwitz were murdered there (Etz-Haim, p. 135).

A marble plaque on the monument’s pedestal features a dedicatory inscription in Croatian, preceded by the Hebrew abbreviation פ"נ (here is buried), though nobody is buried under the monument (Etz-Haim, p. 164).

Inscriptions

On the base of the statue:

21.V.1944

On the pedestal:

פ' נ'

U spomen
našim dragim
pokojnicima
1941 – 1945

Translation: Here is buried. In memory of our dear deceased, 1941 - 1945.

Commissioned by

The Jewish Community of Čakovec

Summary and Remarks
Remarks

12 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Holocaust memorial in the Jewish cemetery in Čakovec | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Date
1948
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Croatia | Slavonia | Čakovec
| Municipal cemetery, Jewish section
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Languages of inscription
Shape / Form
Material / Technique
Clay statue, marble plaque, concrete
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

Čakovec was annexed by Hungary in 1941, meaning the fate of Čakovec Jews differed from that of other Jews in Croatia.

On April 26, 1944, all Čakovec Jews were concentrated in the synagogue, and on April 29 they were deported to the ghetto in Nagykanizca. From there Čakovec Jews were deported to Auschwitz where most of them were murdered on May 21, 1944.

83 Jews returned to Čakovec in 1945. According to Etz-Haim (p. 161), the revived community put the cemetery back in orders and reburied the remains of those whose graves were desecrated in a common grave. Two expeditions of the CJA did not locate this grave so it probably was not marked.

A monument to the perished Jews was unveiled on May 21, 1948, the fourth anniversary of their murder, in the presence of Čakovec Jews, representatives of the government and the army, the Federation of Jewish Communities in Yugoslavia, the Jewish community of Zagreb, other neighboring communities, and the sculptor (Etz-Haim, pp. 162-164).

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

Etz-Haim (Grünwald), Moshe (Tibor), Megilat ha-shoah shel kehilat kodesh Chakovetz h.y.d: Čakovec - Jugoslavija, 1944 (Tel Aviv: By the author, 1977)
Type
Documenter
Vladimir Levin, Ekaterina Oleshkevich | 2021
Author of description
Vladimir Levin | 2023
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
Adam Frisch | 2023
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed: