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Obj. ID: 17118
Sacred and Ritual Objects
  Hanukkah lamp, Russia, late 19th century

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Radovan, Zev, 1990

The Hanukah lamp consists of a row of eight oil containers, a back wall and legs.
The row of eight angular oil-containers with slit strips for the wicks is fastened to the lower side of the back wall, resting on four legs.
The back wall is composed of a double-headed eagle with spread wings. The eagle holds a globe and a scepter in its claws while a shield depicting the figure of St. George displaying the arms of Moscow, is set on its body. Four additional shields with different figures are depicted on each of its wings, representing different provinces of the Russian Empire. 
Two arched bands connect the eagle and the oil containers.

15 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Hanukkah lamp | *Year cycle | *Hanukkah | Hanukkah lamp
Object Detail
Date
1875-1900?
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period Detail
Collection
Poland | Sc_354
| 33 (DRM-18)
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
folded, stamped
Material Decoration
cut, stamped
Material Bonding
folded
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
136 mm
Length
Width
160 mm
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

The back wall, shaped as a double-headed eagle, is of a secondary use. This form of the eagle was used during the reign of Alexander II, the Emperor of Russia between the years 1856 -1881 (Woodcock, The Oxford, p.32; figs. 1, 3).  
The double-headed eagle with a central shield displaying the arms of Moscow and auxiliary smaller shields of the different provinces of the Russian Empire, adorned the royal banner engraved in 1867.    

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
The lamp was bought by the Museum in July 1982 from Jery Majewski in Rzeszow, Poland.
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Ariella Amar | 09.90
Author of description
Ariella Amar | 12.91
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
Ariella Amar | 02.02
Language Editor
Judith Cardozo | 06.07
Donor
UNESCO |
Negative/Photo. No.