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Obj. ID: 16959
Jewish Architecture
  Synagogue at 15 Smoliano Rokytianska St. in Bila Tserkva, Ukraine

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Ukrzakhidprojectrestavratsiia, 1998

The Synagogue at Smoliano-Rokitianskaia St. 15 represents an interesting architectural typology: the split-story synagogue.  Seemingly only a single story high, a portion of the building is divided horizontally and the floor slightly lowered to create two internal stories: one, the women’s gallery, the other an entrance, both open onto the main sanctuary space.

Externally, the building is hardly remarkable; of unplastered brick -though possibly once plastered- the exterior of the synagogue is generally well preserved.  The differentiation between the sanctuary space and the split-story is marked by a brick pilaster, similar to that of the building’s corners.  A horizontal course marks the split floor.  Twelve windows originally illuminated the sanctuary space, but they have been altered; two on the eastern facade have been closed.  A door has been punched through the eastern wall, obliterating whatever evidence of the Torah niche may have remained.  The fenestration of the women’s gallery was originally double round-headed windows on the north and south facades, while the lower floor was illuminated by single rectangular windows.  The original design of the west wall is unknown, though presumably it continued the sequence.

Internally, the building has been drastically altered; the wall dividing the women’s gallery from the square prayer hall remains, but numerous internal divisions have been added to divide the space into three apartments.  None of the interior decoration or religious furniture remains in situ.

Summary and Remarks

5 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Synagogue at 15 Smoliano-Rokytianska St. in Bila Tserkva | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
18??
Synagogue active dates
Until 1930 (?)
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown
Historical Origin
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Textual Content
Unknown |
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Shape / Form
Unknown
Material / Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Brick
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Dwelling
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
C (Poor)
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
2 (Regional)
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources
CJA documentation; Jewish Cemeteries, Synagogues, and mass grave sites in Ukraine. United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (Washington D.C., 2005)
Type
Documenter
|
Author of description
|
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed:
Unknown |