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Obj. ID: 1677
Ancient Jewish Art
  The Menorah lead-coffin from Beth She'arim
To the main object: Beth She'arim

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Unknown,
The coffin has a rectangular form, with a flat rectangular lid. The two long sides are decorated with the same pattern, that appears also on the lid, with slight changes. Only one of the narrow sides is decorated. The long sides of the coffin are decorated with three registers. The central register is decorated with a repeating pattern of intersecting diagonal lines in bead and reel pattern, forming rhombi and triangles. In three of the seven rombi, a Menorah impression was added (on the first, the last and the central rombi). The Menorah is composed of six curved branches with central shaft, and stands on two legged base. The seven branches are composed of rounded links that culminate in flames. Within each of the rest four rhombi and the triangles is a flower with eight petals in a circle. The upper and the lower registers are decorated with the same pattern: a band of Trailing vine branch, bearing tendrils, leaves and clusters of grapes. The trailing vine is inhabited with a repeted motif (twice in each band): A robustic face with sharpened ears (Satir?) in profile is depicted four times: One on each side and facing the center, and two in the center, facing them. Between them is an alternatly repeating pattern: an amphora and a broad hemispheric ribbed bowl with two birds standing on the rim, one bird is bending to drink and the other one is stretching its head forward. One of the narrow sides of the coffin is decorated with an architectual design with an arch supported by two pillars. Inside the arch, is a menorah flanked by the mahta and a shofar to the left, and the four spieces to the right. The two pillars are fluted, their bases are composed of three fillets and Corinthian capitals. The arch is decorated with a design of laurel leaves and a small rossette in the center. The Menorah is almost identical to those on the long sides,exept for a three legged base, which two lateral legs bend toward the outside, and the central one splits into three. The Mahta has a square scoop and a crooked handle. The four spieces are depicted together in a bundle, among them is an Etrog(?). The lulav branch is with closed leaves. The decoration along the length of the lid is similar in its arrangment and its decoration to the one on the long walls of the coffin. The number of the rhombi is nine, and their shape is not elonged as the rhombi on the long side. The Menorot and ritual vessels are similar to the one described on the narrow side, and they are arranged vertically.

3 image(s)

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Name/Title
The Menorah lead-coffin from Beth She'arim | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
4th century CE
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown | Coffin no.1
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
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Author of description
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Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.