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Obj. ID: 14964
Jewish Architecture
  Great Synagogue in Dubno, Ukraine

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Kravtsov, Sergey, 2011

94 image(s)

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Name/Title
Great Synagogue in Dubno | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
1782-1794
Synagogue active dates
Until 1930 (?)
Reconstruction dates
1950
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Historical Origin
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Ukraine | Rivnens'ka obl. | Dubno
| Stara St.
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Brick
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Abandoned
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
C (Poor)
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style

The latest "great" synagogue built in Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Part of Jewish quarter
Significance Rating
4 (International)
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

Note by Sergey Kravtsov, 5/02/2011

The Museum worker, Mrs. Tamara Borisovna Dmitrenko (tamara-dmitrenko@mail.ru) said that the synagogue housed theDOSAAFSchool in Soviet times. There was an idea to restore the synagogue, and they have prepared an estimate. (See article in the newspaper Skrynia).

There was a pit for repairing cars in the synagogue, but people from the landsmanschaft paid for covering it. Likewise, the gateway in the eastern wall was blocked.

The physical state of the vault is very bad. The roof has to be fixed immediately.

The synagogue suffered during WWI, mainly its roof. Prince Lubomirsky paid for its conservation (Dmitrenko).

Mrs. Dmitrenko has found 16 “schools” of Dubno in the czynsz lists. She is eager to send the list to us by e-mail. She asked to send her the drawings of the ritual objects from the Museum Narodowe. Let us send her photo, taken in the synagogue.

A local man, of about 50, said that there is an underground passage from the synagogue to the Castle. He personally entered it, but the passage was blocked somewhere in its middle. (Think about this: the passages are the escape ways, like the backdoors in Sharhorod andBukhara. The Jews are supposed to escape. Why underground? Conversely: The Jews are narrating about passages connecting the synagogue withJerusalem).

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Sergey Kravtsov and Vladimir Levin, “Velyka synahoha v Dubni [The Great Synagogue in Dubno],” in Arkhitekturna spadshchyna Volyni [Architectural Heritage of Volhynia], ed. Petro Rychkov, vol. 3 (Rivne: PPDM, 2012), 44–59.

Sergey Kravtsov and Vladimir Levin, Synagogues in Ukraine: Volhynia (Jerusalem, 2017)
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Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
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Author of description
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Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.