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Obj. ID: 14938
Memorials
  Holocaust Memorial in Nadvirna, Ukraine, 1967, 2011

© Jewish Galicia and Bukovina N.P.O., http://jgaliciabukovina.net, Photographer: Levin, Vladimir, 2009

Memorial Name

No official name

Who is Сommemorated?

Jewish Holocaust Victims from Nadvirna, who were murdered here on October 6, 1941

Description

This monument is located at the mass grave and killing site in the Bukovynka Forest near Nadvirna. It is a brown stone obelisk with a rough surface that sits atop a stepped base. A white plaque with a Ukrainian inscription is embedded in the obelisk, and a plaque with a Hebrew inscription was bolted to the obelisk in the post-Soviet period. A red Soviet star was originally pinned to the top of the monument, but was dismantled in 2011.

Inscriptions

Embedded plaque (Ukrainian):

Тут поховано
3860 радянських громадян
які 6 жовтня 1941 року
розстріляні німецькими
окупантами

Translation: Here rest 3860 Soviet citizens that were shot by German invaders on October 6, 1941

On the metal plaque added in 2011 (Hebrew):

קבר אחים
יער בוקובינקה
כאן נרצחו ביום הכפורים תש
4000 יהודים ע"י הנאצים
האנדרטה הוקמה ע
הרב ישראל מאיר גבאי
כתובת לתרומות: ת.ד. 50567 ירושלים 91056
ניתן להפקיד לחשבוננו 7064 בנק מסד (46) סניף 166

Translation: Mass grave / Bukovinka forest / Here, 4000 Jews were murdered by nazis on Yom Kippur in 5702 [=October 1, 1941] / The monument was erected by Yisroel Meir Gabbai / Address for donations: P.O.b. 50567, Jerusalem,  91056. One can transfer to our bank account 7064, bank Massad (46), office 166

Commissioned by

Soviet authority; the reconstruction in 2011 was carried out by Filipp Taik together with the local and regional authority

Summary and Remarks
Remarks

6 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Holocaust Memorial in Nadvirna (Nadwórna) | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Date
1967
Active dates
Reconstruction dates
2011
Artist/ Maker
Historical Origin
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Languages of inscription
Material / Technique
Stone
Material Stucture
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Material Cloth
Material Lining
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Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
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Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
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Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
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Colophon
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Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

According to Tsal Kaplun Foundation, there were 3,800 Jews in Nadwórna (now Nadvirna) in 1939. 

The Hungarian Army occupied Nadwórna on July 1, 1941. After that, local Ukrainians organized a pogrom, in which dozens of Jews from the town were murdered. In September 1941, about 1,000 Jews were deported from Hungary to Nadwórna. At about that time, the Germans took control of the town. On October 6, 1941, the first mass murder took place in Nadwórna; about 2,000 Jews from Nadwórna and Hungary were taken to the Bukovynka Forest and shot there. From September to November 1942, all Jews who remained in Nadwórna were brought to Stanisławów. Most were murdered there, but a few Jews from the town survived the war [Encyclopedia] 

In 1967, the Soviet authority erected the monument on the killing site and mass grave in the Bukovynka Forest near Nadvirna [Solovka, p. 548]. There was a Soviet red star at its top, and the ethnicity of the victims was not specified. A plaque with a Hebrew inscription was bolted to the monument in the post-Soviet period.

In 2011, a Russian philanthropist born in Solotvyn (Ivano-Frankivsk region) Filipp Taik assisted by the local authority reconstructed the monument, a fence, and a pavement around it. Presumably, the Soviet red star was also dismantled at that time. A dedication ceremony was held on October 6, 2011, the day of the mass murder in the Bukovynka Forest. The Head of the Ivano-Frankivsk Regional State Administration Mykhailo Vyshyvaniuk, his deputy, heads of the Nadvirna district, and the town and the Jewish community representatives took part in the event. Rabbi Moyshe Leib Kolesnyk and Ukrainian Greek Catholic priests read prayers near the monument [Mykhailo Vyshyvaniuk]. 

According to Liubov Solovka, there are two more Holocaust monuments near the oil depot in Nadvirna, located at the end of Hrushevskoho Street, but we could not confirm this information. 

In 2018, members of the Nadworna Shtetl Research Group erected a Holocaust monument near the Jewish cemetery in Nadvirna. 

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos 1933-1945, ed. Martin Dean, vol. 2 (Bloomington: The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, 2012), pp. 810-812.

"Mykhailo Vyshyvaniuk: Maiemo zavdannia vid prezydenta - doslidyty, vporiadkuvaty usi mohyly usikh chasiv i voien," Ahentsiia novyn Firtka, October 7, 2011, https://firtka.if.ua/blog/print/mihajlo-visivanuk-maemo-zavdanna-vid-prezidenta-dosliditi-vporadkuvati-usi-mogili-usih-casiv-i-voen11792 (accessed June 16, 2023)

"Nadvirna: Bukovynka Tract,"
Shoah Atrocities Map - Ukraine (Tsal Kaplun Foundation), https://shoahatlas.org/u1126.html.

Solovka, Liubov and Svitlana Oryshko, 150 iz 150 tysiach... Holokost yevreiv Prykarpattia yak skladova etnodemohrafichnoi Katastrofy Skhidnoi Halychyny, (Ivano-Frankivsk: Foliant, 2019), p. 548.
Type
Documenter
Vladimir Levin | 2009
Author of description
Marina Sedova | 2023
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
Adam Frisch | 2023
Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed: