The silver Torah Pointer consists of a hanger, a bar and a pointer. The undulating bar is flat and widest at the middle. It is decorated with an internal floral scroll pattern, set into a smooth frame and over a net backround.. It bears a dedicatory inscription engraved in square linear letters on its back side and reads:
הק[קש] על נש'[מת] רחל/ בת אליהו רבי
Translation: !Dedicated to the soul of Rachel/daughter of Eliahu Rabbi
The bar ends at the upper and the bottom by a flat stylized leaf. At the upper part of the bar hangs from a ring a chain inserted in a hole.
In Afghanistan, the pointer was called a qalam in the local dialects. It was originally a flat silver rod with one pointed end, but eventually, both ends became wider and were decorated with foliate or other designs. Gems were added to some pointers generally embedded as a part of the foliate patterns. The common method of decorating the Afghan Torah pointer was engraving. The favorite patterns were foliate and geometrical designs along the borders of the pointer, enclosing dedicatory or commemorative inscriptions. The inscription was engraved along the upper or back side of the pointer from the holding end to the pointing one. In the 1940s, when olive-wood Torah pointers from Eretz Israel reached Herat, the design of the Afghan pointer underwent some changes. These Israeli pointers were shaped like a hand with a pointing finger. They became extremely prestigious and were used only on the Sabbath and holy days. As a result, pointers made in Herat acquired a hand and a pointing finger.
Hanegbi, Zohar and Bracha Yaniv, Afghanistan : the synagogue and the Jewish home (Jerusalem: Center for Jewish Art, 1991)