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Obj. ID: 13363
Jewish Funerary Art
  Jewish Cemetery in Warka, Poland

© Vladimir Levin, Photographer: Levin, Vladimir, 2004

According to ESJF European Jewish Cemeteries Initiative, the cemetery is located about 850 metres southwest of the market square, on a hill above the Pilica River, west of Baczyńskiego Street. It covers an approximate area of about 1.5 hectares, within the area of plots no. 182/1, 184, 185, 186, 187. There is no information about its date of establishment. According to unconfirmed sources, the cemetery was established at the turn of the 19th century. It must have existed prior 1848 when Rebbe Izrael Icchak Kalisz (the first Rebbe of Vurka) was buried there. At the end of 1850, efforts were made to fence the cemetery and enlarge the area. In the related correspondence, the existing cemetery was called the “old” cemetery. The area of the cemetery was enlarged several times. The last land purchase probably took place in 1917. The cemetery was likely in active use until the deportation of Jews from Warka in February 1941.

Presumably, the cemetery became devastated during that time, and continued to degrade through the following decades. All tombstones were removed from the cemetery and the fence was torn down. Part of the plot is built over with single-family houses. The cemetery was also used as a pasture and as a recreation area. Around 1990, at the initiative of the Hasidic community, an ohel made of red bricks was erected over the alleged burial place of Rebbe Izrael Icchak Kalisz. Moreover, metal stairs were built on the side where the cemetery borders the Pilica River. Currently, the boundaries of the cemetery are imperceptible. The area is unfenced and covered with wild vegetation. There are some extensive excavations in the centre of the cemetery. Periodically, bones slide down the hillside. Some continual problems in the cemetery include littering, and vulgar and anti-Semitic slogans painted on the ohel. There is no information on the ownership status of the cemetery. The cemetery is listed in the provincial Register of Monuments, and it is not listed in the Register of Immovable Monuments of the Mazowieckie Province.

Perimeter length: 359 metres

 

Summary and Remarks

13 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Jewish Cemetery in Warka | Unknown
Object Detail
Ohel of the Rabbi Israel Yitzhak of Warka
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
1990
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Textual Content
Unknown |
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Shape / Form
Unknown
Material / Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources
Marcin Wodziński, Groby cadykow w Polsce: O chasydzkiej literaturze nadgrobnej i jej kontekstach (Wrocław, 1998).
Type
Documenter
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Author of description
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Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed:
Unknown |