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Obj. ID: 12155
Jewish Funerary Art
  New Jewish cemetery in Szydłowiec, Poland

© Amalia Reisenthel, Photographer: Budziszewski, Jerzy, 1987

According to ESJF European Jewish Cemeteries Initiative, the cemetery was established around 1811 near the old cemetery, which had existed since the 18th century. In 1825, both the cemeteries were fenced, and a funeral house was built between the two plots. In 1831, an epidemic cemetery was established on a plot of land east of the new cemetery. In 1852, the cemetery was fenced with a wall. In the interwar period, further land purchases were made, including the epidemic section of the cemetery. The complex of the three cemeteries—old, new, and for the cholera epidemic – stretched over about 600 metres. In 1938, a road from Kielce to Warsaw was built between the old and the new cemetery, on Kościuszki Street.

During World War II, the cemetery was used for carrying out executions and for burying the Holocaust victims. After 1945, some individual burials took place in the cemetery. There is no detailed information about the devastation the cemetery suffered during the war. After the end of the war, the area was gradually built over. The part of the cemetery on Wschodnia Street was fenced and planted with trees. In 1967, a monument commemorating the victims of the Holocaust was erected in the cemetery. The undeveloped part of the cemetery stretches from Wschodnia Street towards the east, along Staszica Street. It is enclosed with a low wall and a fence made of iron bars. The ohel of the Rabinowicz tzaddikim, rebuilt in 2002, the foundations of the second ohel, the monument commemorating the victims of the Holocaust, and the epidemic quarters. The property is listed in the Register of Immovable Monuments.

The undeveloped part of the cemetery stretches from Wschodnia Street towards the east, along Staszica Street. It is enclosed with a concrete and metal fence (1.5-1.7 m high) in a good condition. Sections of the old masonry wall have also been preserved.

There are about 2,300 gravestones. There are 1,800 Standing and 200 lying intact tombstones and around 300 small fragments. Tombstones are richly decorated, and the Hebrew inscriptions are legible. A list of tombstones is available at: https://cemetery.jewish.org.pl/list/c_3

Date of the oldest tombstone: 1831
Date of the newest tombstone: 1939
Perimeter length: 844 meters

Summary and Remarks

9 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
New Jewish cemetery in Szydłowiec | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
1811
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Textual Content
Unknown |
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Shape / Form
Unknown
Material / Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

https://sztetl.org.pl/pl/miejscowosci/s/612-szydlowiec/114-cmentarze/35277-cmentarze-zydowskie-w-szydlowcu-ul-wschodnia

https://cemetery.jewish.org.pl/list/c_3

Type
Documenter
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Author of description
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Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed:
Unknown |