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Obj. ID: 1204
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  Vatican French Bible, France ?, last third of 13th c.

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Unknown,

30 image(s)

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Name/Title
Vatican French Bible | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
Last third of 13th century
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
France
| ?
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Vatican | Vatican Library
| VAT.EBR. 3
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology

Vellum, I 573 II (574 1) leaves, 380 x 265mm, text space 250 x 160mm, height of text with massorah (fols. 2-239v, 466v-500) 320-330mm. Written in square Ashkenazi script, in brown ink. 30 lines per page, in 2 columns, 3 on top 5 on bottom for massorah magna. Ruling by stylus and in ink 3 30 (unnoticeable) 5 horizontal and 2 3 2 vertical lines per page. Pricking is noticeable in the upper, outer and lower margins. 74 quires of 8 leaves, except for IX&&4&&, XIX&&10&&, XXX&&4&&, LIII&&6&&, LXI&&10&&, LXIV&&4&&, LXXIV&&1&&. Catchwords appear in the lower left-hand corner of the last verso of each quire. Fols. 150v-151, 235, 282v-283, 354v-355, 414v-415, 500v are blank (when a book and a quire end at the same time). The names of the books are written in Latin by the same hand which numerated the manuscript. Hebrew numeration to Psalms by the scribe and later hands.

Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
None.
Scribal Notes
Name of the scribe is written from time to time at the end of a book: ag. fols. 69, 282, 354: חזק יצחק ואמץ: "Strength Isaac and be strong" Fol. 528v: חזק יצחק ואמץ ברוך הנותן ליעף כח ולאין אנים עצמה ירבה אמן
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program

 A. Initial words: the names of some of the books are written in large letters surrounded by a line or by dots ( e.g. fols.: 1v- Genesis, 38v- Exodus, 69v-Leviticus, 91v- Numbers, 122v- Deutronomy, 171- Judges, 190- Samuel, 235v- Kings.).

B. Micrography for the massorah magna: in various geometrical or as animal shapes. Among the geometrical forms written in the margins are zigzag (e.g. fols.: 1v, 2, 4, 10, 17, 26, 54, 117v, 230, 468v, 490v), Wavy line (fols.: 2, 49v, 58, 61v, 478), roundels (fols.: 3v 60v, 84v), lozenges (fols.: 3v, 30, 183v, 468v, 492), triangles, sometimes pointed in between the two columns ( fols.: 8v, 30, 56v, 123v, 175, 204, 469v), semi circles (fols.: 10v, 32, 52, 220, 469, 493). Among the micrographic animals are 0ong-necked birds (fols.: 2, 5, 15, 28v, 62v, 67v, 68, 81, 100v, 109v), long-necked quadrapeds (fols. 5v, 24, 30v, 45, 69, 70, 82, 101), a full body bird ( fols. 12v, 42v), a full body unidentified animal ( fol. 90v), a long-tailed dragon ( fols.: 46, 64), human face (fol. 86v). In all cases facial features were added to the body shaped by micrography. There also an axe shape (fols.: 4v, 45, 141), fleur de lys (fols: 5v, 25) a tree (fol. 31), a key (fol. 97), and some unidentified shapes (fols. 12, 100, 108, 181).

Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Fols. 573v-574, Owner's inscription concerning purchase of the book from the years 1299, 1309, 1429.
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Hebrew Manuscripts in the Vatican Library: Catalogue. Compiled by the staff of the Institute of Microfilmed Hebrew Manuscripts, Jewish National and University Library, Jerusalem; edited by Benjamin Richler; paleographical and codicological descriptions Malachi Beit-Arie in collaboration with Nurit Pasternak. Citta del Vaticano: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, 2008, pp. 102.
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Yael Zirlin | 1982-1984
Author of description
|
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
Michal Sternthal | 02.2016
Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.