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Obj. ID: 11641
Jewish Architecture
  Sephardi Synagogue in Varna, Bulgaria

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Radovan, Zev, 1998

The report "Jewish Historic Monuments and Sites in Bulgaria" published by The United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad in 2011 states:

"The Sephardi community, which contained the majority of local Jews, owned a community center with a large meeting hall. The community operated a Hevrah Kadishah (burial society), a cemetery, and charity organizations such as G’milut Hassadim (general help for the needy) and Malbish Arumim (clothing for the needy). Built in 1890, the stylistically eclectic Sephardi synagogue is currently in poor condition, with only its exterior walls standing. There are plans to restore the walls and build a new sanctuary within the space of the old building. The synagogue exterior includes a mix of Moorish and Gothic elements. The 1890 date of the building is inscribed on a pediment (triangular upper part of a building) of the south façade. Inside, the synagogue once had raised galleries for women but these, like all the interior fittings, have been destroyed. The neo-Gothic door frames with Moorish style details at the main entrance, the triple-window openings and the gothic rosette at the center of the main façade are made of stone."

Jewish Historic Monuments and Sites in Bulgaria.” The United States Commission for the Preservation of America’s Heritage Abroad, 2011, Part 1, p. 14.

51 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Sephardi Synagogue in Varna | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
1890
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Bulgaria | Varna
| Vadar and Pliska St.
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Brick
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Extant
Yes
Documented by CJA
Yes
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Abandoned
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
D (Very bad)
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
3 (National)
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Elko Hazan, The Concise Illustrated Encyclopaedia of Jewish Communities and Their Synagogues in Bulgaria (Sofia: Kamea Design, 2012), pp. 161-167 with ills.
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
|
Author of description
|
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.