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Obj. ID: 11520
Memorials
  Holocaust Monument in the Jewish Cemetery in Kalush, Ukraine, 1995

© Jewish Galicia & Bukovina N.P.O., jgaliciabukovina.net, Photographer: Levin, Vladimir, 2009

Memorial Name

Меморіальний монумент споруджений на памʼять про 6 тисяч євреїв, які загинули в роки німецької окупації на Калущині

Translation: Memorial monument built to the memory of 6 thousand Jews, who perished in the years of German occupation in the Kalush district.

Who is Commemorated?

Jewish victims of the Holocaust from the Kalush district

Description

The Monument is located in the Northeastern corner of the Jewish cemetery in Kalush. It stands on a wide concrete base. The monument is an upright concrete stele. Columns support arched vault, giving the monument the profile of a gravestone. The arches space is filled by a black stone plaque with inscriptions in English, Hebrew and Ukrainian. The plaque bears images of a Magen David on the top and a Menorah on the bottom.

Inscriptions

In Ukrainian:

Цей монумент встановлено в памʼять
близько 6-ти тисяч невинних єврейських
дітей, жінок і чоловіків, які загинули під час
німецької окупації 1941-1944 рр. на Калущині
Нехай це служить їм вічним почивальним
місцем

Translation: This monument was installed in memory of / about 6,000 innocent Jewish / children, women and men that perished during / German occupation of 1941-1944 years in Kalush district / Let it serve them as an eternal resting / place

In Hebrew:

אבן זכרון זאת הוקמה לזכר 6000 יהודים נשים גברים
וטף, אשר נרצחו על ידי הכובש הנאצי
בין השנים 1941-1944

תהא נשמתם צרורה בצרור החיים 

Translation: This memorial is erected in memory of 6000 Jews, men and women / and children that were murdered by the Nazi occupiers / in the years 1941-1944 // May their souls be bound in the bundle of life

In English:

This plaque is erected in the memory of
approximately 6000 innocent Jewish
children, women and men who were
murdered by the German occupiers in the 
years 1941-1944 in Kalush region. May these
sacred burial grounds serve as their
eternal resting place

Commissioned by

Unknown

Summary and Remarks
Remarks

6 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Holocaust Monument in the Jewish Cemetery in Kalush | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Date
1995
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Historical Origin
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Ukraine | Ivano-Frankivska obl. | Kalush (Калуш)
| Bilasa i Danylyshyna street
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Material / Technique
white marble, granite, cement
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

There were approximately 6,000 Jews in Kałusz in 1941. The Hungarian army occupied the city on July 6, 1941, and the German army entered the city during next two weeks. On August 23-25, 1941 380 Jewish merchants and professionals were arrested and killed in the Berezyna Forest near Piila Village [Adamovych, 2020, pp. 91-92]. In September 1941, 50 Jews were killed. A ghetto was created in Kałusz by the end of 1941. Many Jews from nearby villages were brought to Kałusz. In April 1942 the Security Police detachment from Stanisławów killed 800 Jews in Kałusz. In autumn 1942, several mass murders and deportations of Jews to  the Stanisławów ghetto and the Bełżec killing center took place. In October 1942, Nazis announced that Kałusz was free of Jews. In June 1943, Criminal Police representatives shot 14 Jews in the Jewish cemetery in Kałusz. Up to 20 Jews of Kałusz survived the war.

The monument was erected in 1995.

On March 20, 2007, vandals damaged the monument [Butkevych].

By 2015, the monument has been included in the List of newly built (newly discovered) objects that are proposed for inclusion in the register of cultural heritage monuments of local significance [Ivano-Frankivska oblast]. By 2023, the Monument has been included on The List of Monuments of History and Monumental Art of Local Significance in the Ivano-Frankivsk region.

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

Butkevych, Maksym, "Initsiatyva "Bez kordoniv": Ksenofobski ta rasystski proiavy v Ukraini," Ukrainska Helsinska spilka z prav liudyny, May 16, 2007, https://www.helsinki.org.ua/2007/05/initsiatyva-bez-kordoniv-ksenofobski-ta-rasystski-proyavy-v-ukrajini/ (accessed May 6, 2023)

Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos 1933-1945, ed. Martin Dean, vol. 2 (Bloomington: The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, 2012), pp. 788-789.

Evreiskie kladbishcha i pamiatniki zhertvam Kholokosta na territorii Ivano-Frankovskoi oblasti, https://evreiskiy.kiev.ua/evrejjskie-kladbishha-i-pamjatniki-11264.html (accessed April 22, 2023)

"Ivano-Frankivska oblast. Skhema planuvannia terytorii (zavershennia). Okhorona nerukhomykh obiektiv kulturnoi spadshchyny", vol. 3 (Kyiv: Derzhavne pidpryiemstvo "Ukrainskyi derzhavnyi naukovo-doslidnyi instytut proiektuvannia mist "Dipromisto" imeni Y.M. Bilokonia", 2015), p. 321., https://www.if.gov.ua/storage/app/sites/24/documentu-2022/ivano-frankivska-oblast-2015-tom-3.pdf (accessed May 3, 2023)

"Kalush: Kalush area,"
Shoah Atrocities Map - Ukraine (Tsal Kaplun Foundation), https://shoahatlas.org/u1119.html.

The chapter includes cemetery plan with the killing sites from the criminal case file of a local Criminal Police representative:
Adamovych, Serhii, "Kaluskyi "Spysok Shyndlera," in Nereabilitovana pamiat, vol. 2, (Ivano-Frankivsk: Lileia-NV, 2020), 83-109
Type
Documenter
Vladimir Levin, ESJF European Jewish Cemeteries Initiative | 2009, 2019
Author of description
Marina Sedova | 2023
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
Adam Frisch | 2023
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed: