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Obj. ID: 1085
Jewish Architecture
  Great Synagogue in Orla, Poland

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Khaimovich, Boris, 1995

The synagogue in Orla was designed in the Baroque style in the middle of the 17th century with a building plan for nine bays and a vaulted ceiling. The synagogue has been rebuilt and remodeled many times. In the early 19th century, two wooden staircases were added to the women's gallery and the façade of the synagogue received a classical design.

The wooden Torah ark, the murals on the eastern wall of the prayer hall, and its columns are original to the time of the construction of the synagogue. The murals on the eastern wall were connected to the wood and stucco ark and are partially preserved. The decoration theme includes peacocks and other birds, and garlands and grapevines.  

The murals in the arch above the entrance with 'the four animals' motif were painted in the 1920s.

For the interior see:

See also:

10 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Great Synagogue in Orla | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
second quarter of the 17th century
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
late 18th century; 19th century; 1986-1988
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Poland | Podlaskie Voivodeship | Orla
| 37 Armii Czerwonej St.
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Bergman, Eleonora and Jan Jagelski, Zachowane synagogi i domy modlitwy w Polsce. Katalog. (Warsaw, 1996), p. 97 with ill.; Tomasz Wisniewski, Jewish Bialystok and Surroundings in Eastern Poland: A Guide for Yesterday and Today (Ipswich, Massachusetts, 1998)., p. 96 with ill.; Maria and Kazimierz Piechotka, Bramy Nieba: Bóżnice murowane na ziemiach dawnej Rzeczypospolitej (Warsaw, 1999), pp. 362-4 with ills.; Przemysław Burchard, Pamiątki i zabytki kultury Żydowskiej w Polsce (Warszawa, 1990), p. 63; Pinkas hakehilot: Polin, vol. 8: mehozot vilna, byalistok, novogrudek (Jerusalem, 2005), p. 105; Tomasz Wisniewski, Synagogues and Jewish Communities in the Bialystok Region: Jewish Life in Eastern Europe before 1939 = Bóżnice Białostocczyny: Hearthland of the Jewish Life - Synagogues and Jewish Communities in Białystok Region (Bialystok, 1992), p. 183 with ill., ills. on p. 34-37; Hatsfirah, 23.10.1878, p. 315; http://www.sztetl.org.pl/pl/article/orla/11,synagogi-domy-modlitwy-i-inne/4356,synagoga-w-orli-ul-armii-czerwonej-37-/; http://cbj.jhi.pl/documents/809735/5/
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
|
Author of description
|
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
Carmen Echevarria | 2016
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.