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© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Radovan, Zev, 1.1995

The three tiered Torah crown consists of a main section, a middle section, a crest and an apex. Each tier is comprised of a base and arms.

The main section is comprised of a wide coronet-like base. It is decorated with six vertical bands, each bearing an identical pattern: Two confronting rampant lions supporting a medallion with a dedicatory inscription.

It is surmounted by a medallion with one of the zodiac signs which is topped by a vase with flowers.

The dedicatory inscription reads in a clockwise order in square letters: זה הכתר/שייך##לה'ח'ב'ק )להחברה הקדושה(/תורת חסד/ב"ב ## ה'כנ'ת )בבית הכנסת(/ על##בית## עלמין/בשנת##תר"ט## לפ"ק "This Crown belongs to the holy society 'Torat Hesed' in the synagogue of the cemetery in the year (5) 609 (=1849).

These vertical bands alternate with bands which depict two twisted columns that flank foliate scrolls. A coloured stone is set on top of each scroll. Six arms project from the bands with the scrolls. In the center of each arm is a medallion which bears one of the zodiac signs (13201), surrounded by C scrolls. A flower flanked by S scrolls decorates the lower and upper parts of the arms, which have bells hanging from rings inbetween them. The arms converge at the top under two wide rings on which the middle section is mounted. The lower ring is smooth, while the upper ring is decorated with flowers and leaves.

The base of the middle section is decorated with an alternating pattern of coloured stones and a diamond motif. It is surmounted by an alternating trefoil and a flower with a coloured stone in its center. Six arms decorated with leaves and flowers, project from the flowers of the base and converge undeer the base of the crest. A ring repeating the pattern of the base connects the arms in the center.

The base of the crest repeats the alternating pattern of the middle section. Six smooth arms project from it and converge at the top under a dome. A bell hangs in the center of the upper tiers.

The apex is an open winged eagle who stands on the dome with a chain in its beak.

Name/Title
Torah crown of the 'Torat Hesed' society in the synagogue by the cemetery in Lviv | Unknown
Object
Object Detail
Date
1848
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period Detail
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Silver, partly gilt
Material Stucture
cut, hammered
Material Decoration
repousse, punch, niello, set semi-precious stones
Material Bonding
soldered
Material Inscription
niello
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
580 mm
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
264 mm
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Subject
Condition
The medallion with the sign of Virgin, is missing.
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on different parts of the crown.
## 1. The hallmark depicts a circle with the cypher 13 inside it. It is topped by the letter D and surrounded by the date 1848. This is an Austro-Hungarian quality mark used between 1810-1866. The letter D indicates Lvov.
## Cf. Divis, p. 222, no. 1901.
##R3, vol. IV, no. 7986.
2. The hallmark depicts unclear initials which can not be ide
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
The crown was part of the collection of the Jewish community Museum (?)
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Sarah Harel Hoshen (ed.), Treasures of Jewish Galicia: Judaica from the Museum of Ethnography and Crafts in Lvov, Ukraine (Tel Aviv, 1994), cat. 3
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
|
Researcher
M.T. | 1.1995
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.