Img. ID: 4855
The double tiered Torah crown consists of a main section and a crest, each composed of a base and arms. The coronet-like base is composed of a round band decorated with flowers and scrolls on the edges. The band is decorated with alternating cartouches and pairs of the Tables of the Covenant. Each is inscribed with a dedicatory inscription written in square filled letters: נדבת##ר' מנחם##מענדיל##בר')בן רבי(##משה יהודא##ומר' משה##בר')בן רבי( דוב## ליכטינשטין##להחברה##משניות##דבהמ"ד)דבית המדרש(##דליטא##שדה-לבן##תרס"ט לפק "Donation of Rabbi Menahem Mendel son of Rabbi Moses Judah and Mr. Moses son of Rabbi Dov Lichtenstein to the Society for the Study of Mishnah of the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, the year (5)689(1909)." Each cartouche is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant griffins. Each of the Tables of the Covenant is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant lions. Four medallions are interspersed between the cartouches and Tables of the Covenant. The medallions depict, counter clock-wise, Noah's Ark as a boat-house on the water, a fish a bull and a ram. Six tapering concave arms radiate from the base converging at the convex unit which surmounts them. The lower part of each arm is decorated with C scroll medallions which contain depictions of: Noah's ark as a boat house, an elephant, blank Tables of the Covenant, a swan , a fish and a bull. The medallions are surrounded by scrolls and acanthus leaves which extend up the arm. At the top of each arm protrudes a rampant lion whose front legs support the crest. A flower hangs from the crest between each arm. The crest is a spherical crown comprising a round band decorated with diamonds and beads, surmounted by arms in the shape of acanthus leaves. The arms are capped by a floral disk which is surmounted by a hemispherical apex.
| DM 2292
The Torah crown is surrounded by medallions bearing scenes of the Flood, Tables of the Covenant, lions, griffins and floral motifs.
According to the artist's hallmark the Torah crown is dated to the end of the 19th century. The same hallmark appears together with an assay hallmark from Odessa, active in 1883, on other objects from this region, See:IJA 10139. The city hallmark notes a later date, probably a remark hallmark by an assay who was active in Yekaterinoslave.
Similar iconography can be found on two pairs of Torah finials from Odessa from approximately the same period, (244918.doc, 774621.doc). Animal motifs without the Ark also appear on a spice box 921927.doc.