Img. ID: 346603
Text columns nos. 13 and 14 (sheet 4) are inscribed within the printed border. In the lower margin, frames nos. 13 and 14 are printed:
Frame 13: On the right, Haman is hanged on the gallows (Es. 7:10). A ladder leans against it, and at its top sits an executioner who holds his legs on Haman's neck. Next to it, a group of guards with spears is standing. On the left, Ahasuerus sits on the throne and Esther kneels at his feet; she is attended by two maidservants. In the background, there is a figure (Mordecai?) who watches the scene. It might depict either the moment when the king gives Haman's house to Esther (Es. 8:1) or when she pleads with him to annul Haman's decree (Es. 8:3).
Frame 14: On the right, before Ahasuerus seated on the canopied throne placed on a pedestal, stands Queen Esther attended by three maidservants. Next to the throne, three men, most likely Mordecai and two other men, are standing (Es. 8:7-8). The gestures of the king and the queen suggest that they are talking. On the left, there is a long table at which a scribe is seated (Es. 8:9); he is accompanied by three other people.
Length of the sheets in the scroll: 1) 450 mm, 2) 450 mm, 3) 455 mm, 4) 455 mm, 5) ca. 485 mm.
Dimensions of the selected details in the scroll:
- an average letter: ca. 2 mm (height);
- spaces between the lines of the text: 2-3 mm.
E | Esther, Book of (following the order of the story) | Ahasuerus giving Esther the house of Haman (Es. 8:1)
E | Esther, Book of (following the order of the story) | Esther at Ahasuerus' feet, pleading he annuls Haman's decree (Es. 8:3)
E | Esther, Book of (following the order of the story) | Ahasuerus speaks to Esther and Mordecai (Es. 8:7-8)
E | Esther, Book of (following the order of the story) | New decree allowing the Jews to defend themselves (Es. 8:8-10)
O | Ornamentation: | Architectural frame
C | Columns
A | Arch
V | Vase | Vase with flowers
O | Ornamentation: | Foliate and floral ornaments | Flower
O | Ornamentation: | Cartouche
T | Turkey (bird)
C | Cock (Hen, Rooster)
O | Ornamentation: | Main text framed
In general, the manuscript is preserved in good condition, although its beginning is damaged and dark.
The ink flaked off in some places and not everywhere the text is well preserved.
Some damages of the parchments can be seen.
The Book of Esther in Hebrew followed by the benedictions recited before and after the Megillah reading, fragments of the liturgical poem Shoshanat Yakov and the poem Korei Megillah.
The scroll is formed of 5 sheets containing a total of 17 columns of text and three panels at the end of the scroll are filled with additional texts. Each column includes 21 or 22 lines of text, except for col. 14 which has 11 lines divided into two half-columns and col. 17 with 15 lines.
The first four sheets comprise 4 columns of text and on the fifth sheet, a single column is written. It is followed by three columns with the benedictions and the liturgical poems for Purim.
The text is written in Hebrew square Italian script with tagin in black ink (tagin are marked in light brown ink) on the flesh side of parchment membranes that are very thick and stiff. The side of the text and decorations is brighter and more matte, while the blank side is yellower and more glossy.
The scroll opens with an enlarged and bolded initial word which is written separately in the first line.
The letters ח (Es. 1:6) and ת (Es. 9:29) are enlarged and bolded. Additionally, the letter ח is highlighted by its form. Other enlarged and diminished letters are included in col. 14.
There are some corrections added above the lines of text.
The ruling is made with a hard point. In general, the lines are barely visible, but on the last membrane, they are well visible.
The pricking can be seen after the last text panel.
The sheets in the scroll are stitched together.
The benedictions start with enlarged and bolded words ברוך. The Tetragrammaton is replaced by the ligature of א and ל. In the words אלהינו, the letter ה lack their leg.
The Griselini scrolls consist either of four or five sheets with four text panels each.
The decorative scheme resembles the ornamentation of Gaster II scrolls.
In the Index, megillot Esther confusingly similar to Griselini scrolls, but not printed by Griselini himself, are called "Griselini-Related scrolls". The decoration of Griselini scrolls also resembles that of the Gaster II scrolls, but without decoration at the beginning and the end (see descriptions of "Griselini-Related" and "Gaster II" scrolls and in the Index).
On the second membrane, the frames enclosing illustrations are diagonally placed to the lower margin.
The scroll belongs to the H. Ephraim and Mordecai Benguiat Family Collection.
A short characteristic of the scroll and its images are available on https://thejewishmuseum.org/collection/21909-esther-scroll (accessed on 28.04.2021).
Bibliography on scrolls sharing the same pattern:
A Journey through Jewish Worlds: Highlights from the Braginsky Collection of Hebrew Manuscripts and Printed Books, eds. Evelyn M. Cohen, Emile Schrijver, Sharon Mintz, Amsterdam 2009, pp. 242–245 (additionally pp. 126-127 for the Bible of 1739 illustrated with Griselini's engravings).
Schöne Seiten. Jüdische Schriftkultur aus der Braginsky Collection, eds. Emile Schrijver, Falk Wiesemann, Evelyn M. Cohen, Sharon Liberman Mintz, Menachem Schmeltzer, Zurich 2011, pp. 264‒265 (additionally pp. 246-247 for the Bible of 1739 illustrated with Griselini's engravings).
Mendel Metzger, The Earliest Engraved Italian Megilloth, Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 1966, 48/2, esp. 406-432.
Dagmara Budzioch, The Decorated Esther Scrolls from the Museum of the Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw and the Tradition of Megillot Esther Decoration in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries – An Outline [Polish: Dekorowane zwoje Estery z Żydowskiego Instytutu Historycznego w Warszawie na tle tradycji dekorowania megilot Ester w XVII i XVIII wieku. Zarys problematyki], Warsaw 2019, 1:128–136.
Biography of Griselini in Italian and bibliography available on http://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/francesco-griselini_(Dizionario-Biografico)/ (accessed on 11.04.2020).