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© Gross Family Collection, Photographer: Bar Hama, Ardon, -

Sheet no. 1

The second text panel is surrounded by seven depictions. The four depictions on the right are common with the first text panel.

1. Several men and women seated at a long table set with food - possibly depicting both feasts given by King Ahasuerus (Es. 1:3-8) and Queen Vashti (Es. 1:9).

2. The king seated under a canopy with two women kneeling before him; most likely the king choosing Esther as queen (Es. 2:17).

3. Possibly Esther as the queen (with a scepter in her hand) attended by two women, possibly her maidservants.

4. Five nude women with spindles in their hands, most likely alluding to a tale in the tractate Megillah 12b in which Vashti "would bring Jewish girls, strip them naked and forced them to work on Shabbat". However, other interpretations are possible.

5. Esther's seven maidservants (Es. 2:9).

6. Two messengers holding sticks in their hands, possibly delivering the decree of Haman (Es. 3:13).

7. A group of Jews standing in front of a synagogue (possibly alluding to Es. 4:3). The synagogue is presented as a high building as suggested by the Star of David above the entrance; the women's section can be seen on the left.

Illustrations nos. 5-7 are party painted on the second membrane.

Name/Title
GFC Esther Scroll with Octagonal Text Panels | Unknown
Object Detail
text panel 2
Settings
Unknown
Date
First quarter of the 18th century
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
France | Alsace
| (?)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Ink and paints on parchment
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
The scroll: 370x2370 mm.
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition

The opening section of the scroll is damaged and the membrane is crumpled here.

Some parts of the decorations are faded but still, the general condition of the manuscript is good.

Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents

The Book of Esther in Hebrew

Codicology

The scroll is formed of 4 sheets, in total containing 8 columns of text with 41 or 42 lines each, except for col. 7 which has 11 lines divided into two half-columns.

Every membrane contains two columns of text; 7 of them are framed in octagons of various sizes and one is not framed.

The text is written in Hebrew square Ashkenazi script with tagin in brown ink on parchment membranes.

The letters ח (Es. 1:6) and ת (Es. 9:29) and the letters of the name of God are enlarged and bolded. Other enlarged and diminished letters are included in col. 7.

There are some corrections and erasures in the text.

The ruling is made with a hard point, along with the sheets, but only be seen only in the decorations between the panels.

The pricking on the membranes' edges can be seen.

The membranes of the scroll are glued together.

Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon

None

Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

In the depiction of the feast by the king and the queen, the name "Esther" in pencil is written.

It seems the frames of the panels were originally painted with gold paint.

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

No comprehensive discussion on the scroll is available but the fragments are reproduced in numerous publications, e.g.:

Marc Michael Epstein, Skies of Parchment, Seas of Ink: Jewish Illuminated Manuscripts, Princeton, New Jersey 2015, pp. 15, 191, 219.

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
Researcher
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.
M002243