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© Ardon Bar Hama, Photographer: Bar Hama, Ardon, -

Col. 19: In the upper margin, a bust of a young crowned man is depicted. In the lower margin, on the right, a feast is shown; it can be the first Purim feast (Es. 9:17-23). In the text column above, an additional scene of hanging of Haman’s ten sons (Es. 9:14) is incorporated. It is designed in the same way as in the Amsterdam prototype (see "Esther scrolls with portrait medallions") - on every beam of a very high gallows, a single body is hanged. A high ladder leans on it and on its top an executioner is sitting (he is only partly visible).

Col. 20: In the upper margin, a bust of a young woman is depicted. In the lower margin, a big building is depicted that can be the king’s palace.

Col. 21: In the upper margin, a bust of a crowned woman is depicted who can be Queen Esther. In the lower margin, on the right, Jews battle their enemies (9:5-12). On the left, the royal couple enthroned is represented and it is difficult to determine to which event it alludes. It can be a moment when Esther pleads with the king for an additional day of fights (Es. 9:13).

Col. 22: In the upper margin, a bust of a man is depicted. In the lower margin, a group of people is represented who can be Jews celebrating Purim.

Name/Title
Hand-Painted Copy of Esther Scroll with Portrait Medallions | Unknown
Object Detail
cols. 19-22
Settings
Unknown
Date
late 19th century
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Austria
| (?)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Ink and paints on parchment + wood and ivory
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
177 mm
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
The manuscript (parchment, decoration, text, and rod) is preserved in very good condition.
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Book of Esther in Hebrew with initial and final benedictions and a shortened version of ארור המן Arur Haman
Codicology

The scroll consists of 3 membranes containing 22 text columns with 22 lines, except for col. 19 with 11 lines divided into two parts.

Every letter ל in the words המלך occurring in the first lines of the text columns is decorated with elaborate tagim.

The text includes an enlarged ח (Es. 1:6) that is formed of two parts joined with a roof and its legs end with serifs. In the text, the enlarged letter ת (Es. 9:29) is included too. In addition, traditional enlarged and diminished letters are in col. 19; they are also decorated with elaborated tagim and in the case of two of the letters, additional strokes are drawn below them.

In the first text panel are inscribed all three benedictions preceded by an adequate Hebrew headline ברכות מגלה. Whereas the last panel contains the final benediction followed by a shortened version of ארור המן Arur Haman.

In general, the ruling is slightly visible.

The parchment is bright; both sides of the sheets are very similar so it is difficult to distinguish between the flesh and hair side of a sheet.

The membranes are glued which was relatively rare for Esther scrolls.

Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
None
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

In the institutional and private collections, other scrolls decorated with a similar pattern are stored.

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Formerly ES1 in the Gross Family Collection.
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Tova Szeintuch; Dagmara Budzioch | 15/1/2017; 2020
Researcher
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.
M002068