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Frame 5: In the upper margin, a bust of a crowned man is depicted; he can be one of the princes of Media and Persia listed in Es. 1:14. In the lower margin, three figures are shown - the king, a man (Mordecai?) who stands in front of him, and Esther who is kneeling. The scene is difficult for an unambiguous interpretation. It can be the moment when Haman's property is given to Esther and Mordecai (Es. 8:1), the moment when Esther pleads the king to annul the decree (Es. 8:3), or the moment when the king speaks with Esther and Mordecai (Es. 8:7-8).

Frame 6: In the upper margin, a bust of a crowned man is depicted; he can be one of the princes of Media and Persia listed in Es. 1:14. In the lower margin, on the right and in the center, Haman talks to his wife, Zeresh, and/or his friends (Es. 5:14). On the left, the gallows Haman prepared for Mordecai is shown (Es. 5:14).

Frame 7:  In the upper margin, a bust of a crowned man is depicted; he can be one of the princes of Media and Persia listed in Es. 1:14. In the lower margin, the royal couple accompanied by courtiers; it is difficult to determine if any particular event is represented here.

Frame 8: In the upper margin, a bust of a young woman is depicted. In the lower margin, on the right and in the center, Esther's second banquet with the king and Haman is depicted (Es. 7:1). On the left, Ahasuerus returns from the palace gardens while Haman is begging Esther for mercy (Es. 7:8).

Frame 9: In the upper margin, a bust of a crowned man is depicted; he can be one of the princes of Media and Persia listed in Es. 1:14. In the lower margin, Queen Vashti is portrayed while she is strangled by two women standing on either side of her. During the execution, she kneels with her hands crossed on the chest and the crown lies on the floor. The Book of Esther does not mention the fate of Vashti after her refusal of the king's order and the source for this representation remains unknown. The same theme, although illustrated in a slightly different way, can be found in the Esther scrolls "with portrait medallions" and "with landscapes" and in the scrolls designed by Marcus Donath (Mordecai ben Jozl Sofer) of Nitra (see their descriptions in the Index). 

Name/Title
Hand-Painted Copy of Esther Scroll with Portrait Medallions | Unknown
Object Detail
cols. 5-9
Settings
Unknown
Date
late 19th century
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Austria
| (?)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Ink and paints on parchment + wood and ivory
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
177 mm
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
The manuscript (parchment, decoration, text, and rod) is preserved in very good condition.
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Book of Esther in Hebrew with initial and final benedictions and a shortened version of ארור המן Arur Haman
Codicology

The scroll consists of 3 membranes containing 22 text columns with 22 lines, except for col. 19 with 11 lines divided into two parts.

Every letter ל in the words המלך occurring in the first lines of the text columns is decorated with elaborate tagim.

The text includes an enlarged ח (Es. 1:6) that is formed of two parts joined with a roof and its legs end with serifs. In the text, the enlarged letter ת (Es. 9:29) is included too. In addition, traditional enlarged and diminished letters are in col. 19; they are also decorated with elaborated tagim and in the case of two of the letters, additional strokes are drawn below them.

In the first text panel are inscribed all three benedictions preceded by an adequate Hebrew headline ברכות מגלה. Whereas the last panel contains the final benediction followed by a shortened version of ארור המן Arur Haman.

In general, the ruling is slightly visible.

The parchment is bright; both sides of the sheets are very similar so it is difficult to distinguish between the flesh and hair side of a sheet.

The membranes are glued which was relatively rare for Esther scrolls.

Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
None
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

In the institutional and private collections, other scrolls decorated with a similar pattern are stored.

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Formerly ES1 in the Gross Family Collection.
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Tova Szeintuch; Dagmara Budzioch | 15/1/2017; 2020
Author of description
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.
M002065