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© Dagmara Budzioch, Photographer: Budzioch, Dagmara, 3.2015

The scene included in the thirteenth cartouche is difficult to interpret unambiguously. It depicts a group of people, possibly Jews, fighting their enemies. Additionally, on the left, the king or the queen is standing.

Name/Title
MAHJ Putti Esther Scroll | Unknown
Object Detail
cartouche 13
Date
mid-18th century
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Ripa scrolls|

The family of profusely hand-decorated scrolls that differ in detail, but they all include allegorical representations. In most cases, they are seated women with attributes that are strongly modeled on the iconographical imageries included in “Iconology” by Cesare Ripa (1555–1622). His work printed for the first time in Rome in 1593 was one the favorite manuals for the European artists in the 17th and 18th centuries. 

Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
The scroll: 515x4310 mm.
The length of the sheets in the scroll: 1) 800 mm, 2) 740 mm, 3) 740 mm, 4) 730 mm, 5) 735 mm, 6) 565 mm.
Dimensions of the selected details in the scroll:
- text column - 200x145 mm;
- cartouches in the lower margins - 70x165 mm.
An average letter is 5 mm high, whereas the letters in col. 14 are 10 mm high.
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
The manuscript (the text, the decorations, and the parchment sheets) is preserved in very good condition. Cartouches nos. 12 and 13 are preserved in worse condition than all other illustrations in the scroll.
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents

The Book of Esther in Hebrew with the benedictions and the liturgical poem קוראי מגילה Korei Megillah inscribed on a separate sheet

Codicology

The scroll is formed of 6 membranes (+ a separate benediction sheet) containing 16 text columns with 25 or 26 lines, except for col. 14 with 11 lines divided into two parts.

The text is written in the Sephardi square script with tagin, in black ink on the flesh side of the parchment membranes, which are of medium thickness and rather stiff. It is difficult to distinguish between the two sides of the sheets, but the side with the text and decoration is brighter than the blank side, which is more yellow.

The letter ח (Es. 1:6) is slightly larger than other letters in the scroll; additionally, it is bolded and composed of two parts joined with a roof. The letter ת (Es. 9:29) is enlarged and bolded. Other enlarged and diminished letters are included in col. 14.

In col. 14, the lower stroke of the letter ע in the word עשרת is decorated with a tiny tendril. The similar decoration is added to the letter ו in ויזתא.

The ruling (horizontal and vertical lines) is made in pencil on the basis of the pricking visible on the edges of the first and last text panels on every membrane. An exception is col. 14 in which the lines are made with a hard point and the pricking on both sides of the text panel is visible.

The scroll's membranes are stitched together.

Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon

None

Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

This family of profusely hand-decorated scrolls differ in their details, but all include allegorical representations. In most cases, these are seated women with attributes strongly modeled on the iconographical imageries included in Iconology by Cesare Ripa (1555–1622). His work, first printed in 1593 in Rome, was a favorite manual for European artists in the 17th and 18th centuries.

A part (300 mm wide) of the first membrane is blank.

The sketches of the pattern in pencil are still visible.

The pattern contains some details colored in silver paint.

The scroll features the cartouches painted yellow and red and the narrative scenes included in them are executed solely in different hues of green color.

The manuscript is displayed at the Museum's permanent exhibition.

For the scrolls featuring a similar pattern in the Index see IDs 37657 and 37878.

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
The manuscript was donated on 25th November 1910 by Isaac Moise de Camondo (3.07.1851, Constantinople - 7.04.1911, Paris), a banker, musician, collector, and patron. The Camondo family was the Sephardi family of bankers who originated in Constantinople and were active in Paris in the 19th century. The former number of the manuscript: Cl 18305.
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

A short description in French and images of the manuscript are available at https://www.mahj.org/en/decouvrir-collections-betsalel/rouleau-d-esther-50065 (accessed on 02.07.2020).

Scrolls featuring similar pattern are discussed in:

Iris Fishoff, The Facsimile of the Esther Scroll, Kaufman A 14, Budapest, 1989.

Mendel Metzger, "La Meghillah illustrata della Communita Israelitica di Padova," Rossegna Mensile di lsrael, February-March 1966, 88-92.

Mendel Metzger, "Une Meguilla rococo du XVIIIe siecle," Bulletin de nos communautes, 20th February, 1964, [3 pp., 3 figs.]

R.D. Barnett, Catalogue of the Permanent and Loan Collections of the Jewish Museum London (London 1974),

Treasures of Jewish Heritage. The Jewish Museum London, eds. Rickie Burman, Jennifer Marin and Lily Steadman (London 2006), 145.

A Treasured Legacy: The Michael and Judy Steinhardt Judaica Collection, lot 100: A Monumental Illuminated Megillat Esther (Scroll of Esther), Northern Italy, Mid-18th Century: https://www.sothebys.com/en/auctions/ecatalogue/2013/a-treasured-legacy-steinhardt-n08961/lot.100.html (accessed on 23.07.2020).

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
Researcher
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconsdivuction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.
M001856