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© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Unknown,
The initial word of the book of Lamentations is written in a panel in the lower part of the two left text columns. The letters are written in gold on foliate scrolls. The crowned Nebuchadnezzar is depicted on the left of the panel, riding a lion. He holds a snake as the reins and raises his right hand (alluding to II Kings 24:10). An inscription is written outside the panel, on the left, נבוכדנצר צר ואויב ינופף ידו הו בת ציון גבעת ירושלים רוכב על הארי ירסנו נחש 'Nebuchadnezzar the enemy, raising his hand, Oh, Daughter of Zion hill of Jerusalem, riding on a lion harnessed by a snake.' The inscription is based on the Bablylonian Talmud, Tractate Shabat, 150a: "Nebuchadnezzar rode upon a male lion to whose head he had tied a snake in fulfillment of what is said, 'and the beasts of the field also have I given him to serve him'" (Jer. 27:6). Nebuchadnezzar's face is erased. Jerusalem is depicted as a turretted walled city. The last column of Ecclesiastes, is written in the shape of a goblet, above the initial word panel of the book of Lamentations.
Name/Title
Kalonymus Bible | Unknown
Object
Object Detail
Date
1238
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Origin
Germany
| South
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Period Detail
Collection
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
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Researcher
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Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.