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© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Radovan, Zev, 1992

The three tiered Torah crown is comprised of of a main section, a crest and an apex. Each tier is comprised of a base and arms. The main section has a coronet like base, composed of a round band surmounted by flowers and leaves.

The band bears three cartouches depicting animals (8965) alternating with three plain medallions. Foliate scrolls decorate the band.

The band is surmounted by flowers from which foliate scrolls emerge. Six arms that widen in the centre, are attached to the main section between the flowers. Each arm is decorated with an undulating branch with flowers. The arms bear a rams face at the bottom and are topped by a bird with spread wings standing on a cut globe. A vine scroll, with clusters of grapes from which bells hang, is attached between the arms. The arms converge at the top under a cut-dome, which bears six medallions with the signs of the zodiac (9256) set between openworked scrolls. It is surmounted by a concave unit which bears a dedicatory inscription in square filled letters which reads: דוד בן יהושע הלוי מירל קרענו בת הינדע "David son of Joshua Ha-Levi, Mir'el Kreno daughter of Hinde" A two tiered crest is mounted over the unit. The coronet like base is composed of six medallions with the rest of the zodiac signs and foliate scrolls. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions support a small upper crown.

The upper crown repeats the shape of the main section. Bells hang from between the arms of the second and third tiers. A bigger bell hangs from the centre of the upper crown.

The apex is a bird with spread wings holding a bell in its beak and standing on a floral circlet. 

Name/Title
Torah Crown | Unknown
Object
Object Detail
Date
1875
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period Detail
Material/Technique
Silver
Material Stucture
cut, hammered
Material Decoration
repousse engraved, punched, cast, sawed
Material Bonding
screwed, soldered, nailed
Material Inscription
engraved
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
600mm
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
337mm
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Five hallmarks are stamped on the crown.## 1. The hallmark depicts a fortress with three towers, the central one is higher. It is framed by a cut-cornered rectangle.##This is the city hallmark of Zhitomir.
cf Postnikova Losseva, p.160, no. 424
2. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic letters "P.K" (in latin) above the date 1875, within a cut-angle rectangle. This is the hallmark of unknown assayer that was active between 1873-1876.
cf Postnikova Losseva, p.160, no. 431. ##3. The hallmark depicts the cypher: 84, within a cut-angled rectangle. This is a Russian quality mark used in the 18-19c. cf Postnikova Losseva, p.148, no 12
4. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic letters:"B.SH.SH" (in latin) within a rectangular frame. These initials indicate an unidentified artist.
5. The hallmark depicts the cyrillic initials "I.R.B" (in latin) within a rectangular frame. These initials indicate an unidentified artist.
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
For similar Torah crown see Crown from Sanok museum IJA #7449.
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
From the Kiev collection.
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), p.94-95, no.15.
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Original
Documenter
P.F. (Michael Tal) | 7.1992
Researcher
|
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconsdivuction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.
S432937