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© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Unknown, ???
A soldier and a figure of a man are depicted on a wall above and to the left of arcosolium. The soldier is wearing the garments of a soldier and is represented en face, except for legs which are drawn in profile. His entire tunic is decorated with various designs. His arms bend down and end with five fingers. He holds a spear in his right hand, carried horizontally, with the head pointing right towards the arcosolium. Another man's figure is placed above the left shoulder of the soldier. It is shown en face. He has a round head, wide shoulders, extended arms and legs but no feet.
Name/Title
Beth She'arim, Catacomb 4, | Unknown
Object
Object Detail
Date
early 3rd century - mid-4th century
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
School/Style
Unknown|
Period Detail
Collection
Israel | National Parks Authority
| National Parks
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Soft rock engraved in the form of a soldier and a figure.
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
??
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Subject
M | Man
|
Condition
No damage can be seen. The engraving of a figure is unfinished.
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
The face, eyes, nose and mouth of the soldier are indicated by hatched lines and dots. The square body whith enormous chest is exagerated in relation to the head. The Roman military tunic is girded at the hips and leaves the thighs bare. $$9The artist seems $$9to depict the legionaire Germanos, the son of Isaac, of Palmyra whose name was written on the wall to the right of this graffito. The figure of the man seems to hold a spear, but the line indicating this weapon is very thin See $$9bibliography.
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Mazar, Beth She'arim: Raport on the Excavations During 1936-1940, 1973 vol.I, pp.182-183, fig.15, pl.XXXVI:2.
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
| T.M. 7.1982 D.S. 1992 K.B. 11.1995
Researcher
|
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.