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© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Unknown, ???
Two figures of men, one beside the other, are engraved on the wall, to the right of arcosolium. Both are depicted en face except for the legs which are drawn in profile. They are represented with simple lines. Their body is portrayed as a $$9rectangle. It is decorated with criss-cross pattern. The figure on the right has no indication of the mouth. Its arms, ending in five fingers, hold a spear or three pronged fork (fuscina) pointed to the right. The figure's feet are directed to the left. The face of the figure on the left is not visible. This figure wears $$9an headgear which encircles its head, covers its left shoulder and drapes down to the left. He holds an unclear object. The legs of the figure are directed to its right.
Name/Title
Beth She'arim, Catacomb 4 | Unknown
Object
Object Detail
Date
early 3rd century - mid-4th century
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
School/Style
Unknown|
Period Detail
Collection
Israel | National Parks Authority
| National Parks
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Soft rock engraved in the form of two men.
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
?
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Subject
M | Man
|
Condition
The figure on the left is partially damaged. The lines of its face are blurred.
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
In both figures the head is exaggerated in relation to the body. The eyes of the right figure are depicted by two big dots, the arched eyebrows and the elongated nose by thick lines, and the hair by many thin lines. Mazar identified the $$9criss-cross pattern decoration of the rectangle as a short tunic with belt on the hips. He also identified the unclear object holded by figure on the left as possibly a shield (scutum). This two figures are probably two gladiators in a picture of a duel. See bibliography.
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Mazar, Beth She'arim: Raport on the Excavations During 1936-1940, 1973 vol.I: Catacombs 1-4, p.182, Pl.XXXVI:3.
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
| T.M. 7.1982 D.S. 1992 K.B. 11.1995
Researcher
|
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.