© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Unknown, ???
Two figures of men, one beside the other, are engraved on the wall, to the right of arcosolium. Both are depicted en face except for the legs which are drawn in profile. They are represented with simple lines. Their body is portrayed as a $$9rectangle. It is decorated with criss-cross pattern. The figure on the right has no indication of the mouth. Its arms, ending in five fingers, hold a spear or three pronged fork (fuscina) pointed to the right. The figure's feet are directed to the left. The face of the figure on the left is not visible. This figure wears $$9an headgear which encircles its head, covers its left shoulder and drapes down to the left. He holds an unclear object. The legs of the figure are directed to its right.
Beth She'arim, Catacomb 4 | Unknown
early 3rd century - mid-4th century
Synagogue active dates
Documentation / Research project
Soft rock engraved in the form of two men.
The figure on the left is partially damaged. The lines of its face are blurred.
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Languages of inscription
Type of grave
Number of Lines
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Summary and Remarks
In both figures the head is exaggerated in relation to the body. The eyes of the right figure are depicted by two big dots, the arched eyebrows and the elongated nose by thick lines, and the hair by many thin lines. Mazar identified the $$9criss-cross pattern decoration of the rectangle as a short tunic with belt on the hips. He also identified the unclear object holded by figure on the left as possibly a shield (scutum). This two figures are probably two gladiators in a picture of a duel. See bibliography.
Main Surveys & Excavations
Mazar, Beth She'arim: Raport on the Excavations During 1936-1940, 1973 vol.I: Catacombs 1-4, p.182, Pl.XXXVI:3.
| T.M. 7.1982 D.S. 1992 K.B. 11.1995
National Parks Authority