Home
    Under Reconstruction!
Art Alone
© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Unknown,

The last panel contains the figure of a young man wearing a fashionable and sophisticated dress including a turban adorned with a feather, possibly rhingrave, and high boots. He stands in the open space, in a jaunty pose. It is difficult to determine if he is any particular hero of the Esther story (Harbona?) or maybe he is a participant of the Purim celebrations contemporary to the manuscript's maker. 

Name/Title
JHI Esther Scroll with Birds and Flowers | Unknown
Object Detail
ill. 15
Date
Second quarter of the 18th century
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Austria
| (?)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Material/Technique
Ink and tempera on parchment
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
The scroll: 324-333x2700 mm.
The length of the sheets in the scroll: 1) ca. 600 mm, 2) ca. 710 mm, 3) ca. 700 mm, 4) ca. 615 mm, 5) at least 70 mm, but it is very difficult to unroll this part of the scroll.
Dimensions of the selected details in the scroll:
- decoration on the right edge of the first sheet: ca. 37 mm (width);
- opening illustration: 220x100 mm;
- an average illustration: 202x72 mm;
- illustration no. 6: 53x165 mm;
- illustration no. 13: 202x51 mm;
- illustration no. 14: 202x87 mm;
- upper margin: 55 mm;
- lower margin: 60 mm;
- text columns: 209-222x107-185 mm;
- col. 9: 221 x 121 mm;
- an average letter: 4 mm;
- letters in col. 9: 6 mm.
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition

The scroll is crumpled and dirty, especially the first sheet.

The opening section of the scroll is very damaged, dark, and dirty. A piece of paper is glued underneath the membrane but the decoration is not reconstructed on it. Also, the final part of the scroll is seriously damaged.

In numerous places, the paints are flaked off and the green color is faded.

The ink of the text has partly flaked off in some columns, but in general, the text is preserved in good condition.

The edges of the membranes are straight but rather dirty.

Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Book of Esther in Hebrew
Codicology

The scroll consists of 5 membranes with 11 columns with 26-27 lines per column, except for the col. 9 with the names of Haman's ten sons which are written in 11 lines divided into two half-columns, in larger characters.

The first membrane contains 2 columns, and each of the 3 other membranes contains 3 columns of the text, on the fifth sheet only illustration is painted.

The text is inscribed in Hebrew square Ashkenazi stam script with tagin, in brown and brown-black ink on the flesh side of parchment membranes that are rather dark and suede, rather thick but not stiff. Their both sides are very similar. 

The letters ח (Es. 1:6) and ת (Es. 9:29) are enlarged and bolded; they are 8 mm high. The letter is additionally decorated with scrolled feet. Other enlarged and diminished letters are included in col. 9.

The letters of the Tetragrammaton and the name Ehyeh are enlarged.

In the word נדחף (col. 6), the letter פ is written with a tendril inside. Other decorated letters are in words ויזתא (col. 9) and זרעו (col. 11).

Col. 8 contains numerous elongated letters.

The ruling - horizontal and vertical lines - is made with a hardpoint ruled across the width of the membranes.

The pricking is visible on the opening edge of the scroll.

The membranes in the scroll are glued together.

Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
None
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

The membranes are glued and reinforced with leather patches on the glued edges. A piece of parchment was sewn to the fourth sheet (that is the last sheet in the scroll) to complete the illustration.

The edges on both ends of the scroll are cut straight.

The text is written with ink of different shades.

It seems the last and narrow membrane was attached to the scroll.

In the place where the first and the second sheet are glued, on their blank side, a small piece of a German (?) newspaper is glued.

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

The former shelfmarks 192, L81-5 (on a sticker), 6714 and B-409 are written on the backside of the opening edge of the scroll, at the bottom. Transferred to the Jewish Historical Institute Museum in 1948 from the Central Storage of the MKiS (Ministry of Culture and Art), in Narożyn, in the Kłodzko region in the county of Wroclaw (Jewish Historical Institute Museum card, November 24th, 1988). Museum no. C-254/2.

It seems that until ca. 1932, the scroll belonged to the collection of Sally Kirschstein in Berlin.

Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

Online collection of the ritual objects from the E. Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute is available on http://cbj.jhi.pl/collections/964689

Marian Fuks, Zygmunt Hoffman, Maurycy Horn, Żydzi polscy. Dzieje i kultura, Warszawa 1982, 102 (a fragment of the scroll is reproduced).

Iwona Brzewska, Magdalena Sieramska, Katalog, rzemiosło artystyczne, [in:] Muzeum Żydowskiego Instytutu Historycznego. Zbiory artystyczne, Warsaw 1995, 34, figs. 58, 59.

Die Judaica-Sammlung S. Kirschstein Berlin. Kultgeräte für Haus und Synagoge, Manuskripte, Gemälde, Miniaturen, Graphik, Urkunden, Bücher. Versteigerung in der Galerie Hugo Helbing München (...) [12–14 Juli 1932]. Ausstellung in der Galerie Hugo Helbing München (...) [8–11 Juli 1932], München 1932, p. 11, object no. 188.

Mendel Metzger, Die Illustration einiger Midraschim zum Buche Esther in der Jüdischen Kunst, „Das neue Israel”, 566–567.

Juedisches Lexikon, Berlin 1980, B. IV/I, color plate by the title page.

Dagmara Budzioch, Dekorowane zwoje Estery z Żydowskiego Instytutu Historycznego w Warszawie na tle tradycji dekorowania megillot Ester w XVII i XVIII wieku. Zarys problematyki, Warszawa 2019, 1:248-272, 2:17-26.

Jewish Historical Institute Museum card no. C-254/2.

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Yaffa Levy; Keren Katsir; Dagmara Budzioch | 1994; 2019
Researcher
Yaffa Levy; Keren Katsir, Dagmara Budzioch | 1994; 2019
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconsdivuction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.