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© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Unknown,

 

   

Fig. 1: Selling Joseph to the Ishmaelites

Formerly the second front or first back flyleaf woodcut in the Hybrid Ashkenazi Mahzor  BSB Cod.hebr. 21)

Munich, SGS Inv. Nr. 171524

 

 

Fig. 2: Selling Joseph to the Ishmaelites, woodcut

Stephen Fridolin, Schatzbehalter der wahren Reichtümer

des Heils, fig. 14

Nuremberg, 1491

Munich, BSB Rar. 293, text, fols. 46v, 48r

 Formerly the second front or first back flyleaf of BSB, Cod.hebr. 21 (now SGS, Inv. Nr. 171524).        

Joseph wearing a short red garment and boots, is being pulled up from the well, probably by Judah who suggested selling him to the passing Ishmaelites, who are seen at the back with their two laden camels     (fig. 1). Behind the well a second brother, his left hand filled with coins, demands with his right index finger the last coin from a dignified merchant wearing a red hat and robe, and with a purse hanging from his belt. The other seven brothers of Joseph are looking on the right. They are wearing shepherd's cloths, boots and various headgear. In front of the well their herd of sheep is grazing. Framing the scene is an acanthus scroll inhabited by men with dogs hunting a bear, a deer and two monkeys.

 

Name/Title
Hybrid Ashkenazi Mahzor | Unknown
Object
Object Detail
Former flyleaf woodcut in BSB Cod.hebr. 21, originally printed in Schatzbehalter der wahren Reichtümer des Heils by S. Fridolin
Date
Third quarter of the 13th century
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Site
Unknown
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 21 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 21)
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Woodcut coloured with red, green, pink, yellow and brown.
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
332 x 234 mm; without border: 249 x 178 mm.
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
None
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

The text in the Schatzbehalter (BSB Rar. 293, fols. 46v, 48r), corresponding to this image (figs. 1, 2), belongs to the eleventh counter-design (Gegenwurf), which appears with the same title as above: No. 5 Alle Wirdigkeit hat Cristum bedeut. It deals with Christ’s dignity, prefigured in the firstborn persons of the Old Testament. In his text relating to this image (fig. 2), Fridolin discusses the matter of sale of the first-born in the Old and New Testaments. Since the first-born males belong to God (Num.18:15) and therefore to the priests, Christ was redeemed by being sold to his mother as seen in the thirteenth depiction (Redemption of the firstborn). Later, he was sold by Judas Iscariot and handed over to the priests. In the fourteenth depiction, of the sale of Joseph (Gen. 37:28), Fridolin compares the sale of Christ to that of Joseph, who was first sold by his brothers and then by the Midianites and Ishmaelites in Egypt. Christ, the son of God, born before all creatures, recalls Joseph, who was the actual firstborn son of the beloved Rachel and Jacob. Thus, according to Fridolin's reference (see his note 103) to the Sermon of Leo the Great Pascali sacramento, he is the prefiguration of Christ. 

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Hernad 1990 B. Hernad (ed.), Die Graphiksammlung des Humanisten Hartmann Schedel, Munich 1990. Schramm 1934: A. Schramm, "Der Bilderschmuck der Frühdrucke, fortgeführt von der Kommission für den Gesamtkatalog der Wiegendrucke", vol. 17, Leipzig 1934. Schreiber 1969 W. L. Schreiber, Handbuch der Holz- und Metallschnitte des XV. Jahrhunderts, vol. 10/2, Leipzig 1969. Stadler 1913 F. J. Stadler, Michael Wolgemut und der Nürnberger Holzschnitt im letzten Drittel des XV. Jahrhunderts, Strasbourg 1913.
Short Name
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Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Language Editor
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Negative/Photo. No.