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© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Unknown,
18th cencury brown leather on wood decorated on both sides with gold-tooled floral frame with a central piece enclosing a flaming vessel. Spine is divided into six portions by five high cords. Two brass claps decorated with gothic letters. Gilt-edging.
Name/Title
Wroclaw Bible | Unknown
Object
Object Detail
Binding
Settings
Unknown
Date
14th century
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Pentateuch with marginal Aramiac Targum and five Megilot and Haftarot, all punctuated and vocalized, with masorah magna and parva. The first page is blank (p. 1). Genesis (p. 2), Exodus (p. 157), Leviticus (p. 287), Numbers (p. 379), Deuteronomy (p. 509), blank pages (p. 628-632); Haftarot for Holidays and special Shabatot (p. 633); Blank pages (pp. 795-797); Job (p. 798), Proverbs (p. 849), Song of Songs (p. 893), Ruth (p. 897), Lamentations (p. 909) Ecclesiastes (p. 919), Esther (p. 936); Blank pages (pp. 957-960).
Codicology
Parchment, 960 leaves, numarated three times: 1. pagination from left to right written only on the lower right-hand corner of the verso (pp. 959-1), the numbers on the recto are not written while the numbers on the verso are crossed by pencil; 2. Above these crossed number and in the rectos is another pagination written from right to left (pp. 1-960), the only numration in right Hebrew order (we used this numeration); 3. foliation from left to right in the upper corner of the leaf (pp. 1-480). Measurements: (244-246) x (200-205) mm, text space (150-155) x (71-112) mm, hight with masorah magna 210-240 mm. Written in square Ashkenazi script in dark brown ink, masorah in light brown ink. The Pentateuch in one column (ca. 74 mm width) with the marginal targum (30-34 mm); megilot and Haftarot in two columns (ca. 45 mm each). The books of Job and Proverbs and the songs of Moses, Debora and David are written in sections. 21 lines for the main text, 35-40 for the Targum, masorah magna 2 lines on top and 3 at the bottom. Ruling by stylus, from p. 471 by stylus and plammet, in the haftaroth usually by plummet, on the hair side of the bifoliums, 2 22 3 horizontal and 1 3 2 vertical lines. Pricking is evident on the outer and inner margins, some with double pricking. 60 quires of 8 leaves each, except for XL 4 (end of Pentateuch), L 10 (end of Haftarot), LV 6, LX 10 (end of the book). Catchwords are written in the lower left-hand corner of the last page of evry quire. Blank pages pp. 1, 795-797, 957-960.
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
יעקב משנתו יהוה, בכור מצרים ימיך, למות Scribel notes: P. 82 - in the first line of the text the words are topped by florishes. P. 95 - the first word in the eighth line, Issac, is indicated by dotes. P. 193 - in the first line of the text the words are topped by florishes. P. 613 - in the first line ot the text the words are topped by florishes.
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
18th cencury brown leather on wood decorated on both sides with gold-tooled floral frame with a central piece enclosing a flaming vessel. Spine is divided into six portions by five high cords. Two brass claps decorated with gothic letters. Gilt-edging.
Decoration Program
A. 12 initial word panels for the maim books, two of which are illustrated (pp. 798, 909, see cards), others contain hunting scenes (e.g. p. 287, 849, 893, 919) and animals: a cow (p. 2), dogs (e.g. pp. 2, 798, 909), lion (e.g. p. 798, 893, 901), monkey (e.g. pp. 287, 909), birds (e.g. p. 379 (peacocks), 509, 919 (storks)), dragons and hybrids (e.g. p. 157, 287, 379, 509, 798, 849, 893, 901, 909, 919), and frontal lion's heads (p. 287); The initial word panel to Esther Scroll (p. 936) is smeared. B. 3 decorated initial word panels to chapters in Job (pp. 801, 847) and Proverbs (p. 890) the one to Proverbs is illustrated, the others contains a lion, a giraffe and drgons; C. 6 decorated end of book panels (e.g. pp. 458, 794 892), the last two are illustrated with hunting scenes and a marmaid. D. Decorated initial word panels for the Haftarot, 7 of which are large panels including hunting scenes (e.g. p. 778), animals: a bear (p. 745), a dog (p. 767), fowls (e.g. p. 745 (an eagle), p. 786 (two combating cocks), p. 791 (ducs)), a human-headed dragon and a cantour (p. 633). E. Decorated initial word panels for the parashot (e.g. pp. 59, 508, 627) and for the Targum (e.g. pp. 2, 16, 157, 287, 379, 458). F. Decorated sidra signs (e.g. p. 315); G. Decorated massorah magna in micrography some of which are text illustrations (p. 8 - Eve's temptation; p. 64 - camel), others forming a lion (e.g. pp. 2, 458, 627), an eagle (e.g. p. 508), dragons and hybrids (e.g. pp. 8, 432), and floral motifs (e.g. pp. 16, 384, 509, 745); H. Text in geometric shapes at end of books (e.g. p. 848); I. Decorated half-of-book signs (e.g. p. 79) and half-of-Torah (p. 319) in brown ink. J. One catchword decorated with floral motif (p. 336) in brown ink. The small panels are of irregular shapes mostlly following the shape of the letters. All the panels have golden lettering and colored in blue, magenta, vermilion, green, pink, brown and some yellow, grey, light blue and little white. The grounds of the panels are painted in blue and magenta, except for the the golden ground of the initial word for Genesis (p. 2), and decorated with brush scrolls and animals in white.
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
... כשחלק הספרים עם אחיו ועם נכדיו / כג' קפ"ד )=4241( מעידים אנחנו חתומי' מטה איך בא לפנינו הנכבד .... נכתבו נחתמו בכל לשון טוסיטיאם )?( שלנו נתנאל ובנימין וי] [ ויוסף כמ"ר ] [ ] [ אברהם בכמ"ר יהודה ו'צ'ב'י הרופא נ'ב'ת'ו'י'א )=נפשו בטוב תלין וזרעו יירש ארץ( P. 1 - later owners inscriptions and stamps 1) Hebrew inscription: 2) Pawlikowski's stamp 3) The shelfmark L.141 twice written 4) Unidentified two small stamps P. 960: Sale inscription: The inscription dated 1491, stating that the manuscrip was soled by Menachem son of Isaiah (?) from to R. Isaac son of Raphael, in the 1st day of Kislev 5(252)=1492. The witnesses' names had flaked off. P. 956: Three censors' signatures in the lower part of the page: 1) On the left: "M[ano] sc[rit]to sup[er]iore 1595"; 2) On the right: "dona ual. pro so... mi... 1595". 3) In the lower margin: "1555 die 4(?) decembris reuisus per Jac[ob] Geraldinu[m] comiss[arium] ap[osto]licum Caes (?) ac Belliosus Curiae E[piscop]alis Bonon[iensis] Adr..n. comiss[arium] no...ss". P. 955: Censor's signature: "reu[isus] per me G. D. Carretto 1628". P. 957: Hebrew inscription: P. 958: Hebrew inscription, repeated three times one above the other. An erased long inscription in the lower half of the page. P. 959: Ilegible Hebrew inscription
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Inventarz Rekopisow Biblioteki Zakladu Narodowego Im Ossolinskich we Wroclawiu, Tom II, Rekopisy 7326-11930 Katalog Recopisow Biblioteki Imienia (?) Gwalberto Pawlikowskiego, Wroclaw, 1949, pp. 65-66.
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
| Y.L. & K.K.S. 1995
Author of description
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Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.