בא'ה אמ'ה הפותח לנו שערי רחמים A decorated portalon the entire page encloses the following portion of the morning prayer for the service of the Day of Atonement: "Blessed be Thou ... who openest the gates of mercy..." The portal is surmounted by two side-turrets and is flanked by the two parts of an open door in burnished gold. The initial word, "Barukh" (Blessed), written in black ink, is set against a background of red scrolls with blue dots, inside the tympanum of the arch. Two yellow dragons with green wings flank the initial word. The word "Sha'arei" (Gates), is written in burnished gold below the initial word on a blue ground highlighted with red dotted rosettes. Three fabulous animals are arranged in the space between the letters of: on the right of the word, a tall green dragon with pink wings; on the left, a pink lion, his tail ending in flourishes and in the middle a red fox looking upwards. Five medallions decorate the portal. The uppermost medallion, situated at the center of the arch, encloses an empty, golden throne against a starry sky. The other four medallions, set on the capitals and bases of the columns of the portal enclose the four winged creatures of Ezekiel's vision (1:5-15), set against a golden ground. The capital of the column on the right encloses a red angel with a golden halo; the capital of the left column encloses a pinkish eagle; the base of the column on the right encloses a pink lion; and the base of the left column encloses a pink bull. One of the angel's eyes is scratched out.
Wroclaw Mahzor | Unknown
Synagogue active dates
Documentation / Research project
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
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Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
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Direction Toward Jerusalem
Summary and Remarks
The picture was executed by the same artist as that of the Sacrifice of Isaac on fol. 46v, in the same colors of purple-red and yellow, which are typical of the Lower Rhinish school. See also remarks on card no. 10003. The eyes of the angel in the medallion on this folio, and of Abraham, Isaac and the angel on fol. 46v, were originally depicted open, but were scratched out at a later date.
Main Surveys & Excavations
Romanoff, P., "The Fox in Jewish Tradition," in From Dura to Rembrandt Jerusalem, 1990, pp. 76-80.
Wischnitzer, R., "The Messianic Fox," in From Dura to Rembrandt, Jerusalem, 1990, pp. 70-75. ibid, "A Reply to Dr. Romanoff," pp. 79-80.
Bezalel Narkiss, Y.L. & K.K.S. | B.N. 1990, Y.L. & K.K.S. 1994
State and University Library