Home
    Under Reconstruction!
Art Alone
© BSB, Photographer: Unknown,

Fol. 15: In the centre of the outer margin a magenta panel depicts a naked young woman in a Venus Pudica pose with long light brown hair reaching to the calf, illustrating the adjacent text "Thy breasts are fashioned and thine hair is grown, whereas thou wast naked and bare (Ezek. 16:7). The flowery meadow may in this case allude to Ezekiel (Ezek. 16:6): "I have caused thee to multiply as the bud of the field".

Within the blue background there is a Hebrew inscription in semi-square script, "maiden" (נערה), by Erhard.

The Latin annotation by Erhard is written in red cursive script:

Next to: רבבה כצמח השדה נתתיך (יחזקאל טו, ז)

Ezech. 16 (Ezek. 16:7).

See: General Document for acanthus branches and Appendix.

Remarks

     

Fig. 1: Naked and bare

Tegernsee Haggadah

Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 200, fol. 15

Fig. 2: Naked and bare

ChantillyHaggadah

Candia, first half of the 16th century

Chantilly, Musée Condé MS 732, fol. 13

(Steimann 2007, pl. CXII:1)

Fig. 3: The expulsion fromEden

Prayer Book

Netherlands, c.1480

The Hague, KB 135 E 19, fol. 32

(Steimann 2007, pl. CXIII:3)

   

 

Fig. 4: Female mandrake

Hortus Sanitatis

Hortus Sanitatis, Jacob Meydenbach

Mainz, 1491

U.S.National Library of Medicine

(CourtesyU.S.NLM)

Fig. 5: Bud of the field

The SecondDarmstadtHaggadah

North Italy, late 15th century

Darmstadt, HLHB Cod. or. 28, fol. 6

(Steimann 2007, pl. CXII:4)

 

 

This subject appears in Ashkenazi and Italo-Ashkenazi haggadot from the 15th century on, whereas in Sephardi haggadot the text referring to "naked and bare" was not illustrated. Some depictions of a naked maiden relate literally to the words "thy breasts are fashioned, and thine hair is grown, whereas thou wast naked and bare" (Ezek. 16:7; figs. 1, 2). In the Tegernsee Haggadah and in the Chantilly Haggadah (fig. 2) from Candiathe maidens are depicted as Venus Pudica (Modest Venus), similar to the depiction of the modest Eve in contemporary European manuscripts (fig. 3). Our artist apparently adopted the posture of Eve ashamed of her nakedness after eating the forbidden fruit; or he might have been inspired by a female mandrake similar to that in the printed Hortus Sanitatis of 1491 (fig. 4).

Another rendering of the same subject in Ashkenazi haggadot stresses the idea of multiplication of children, with two flanking a naked woman and a third looking down from a tree, as in the Second Darmstadt Haggadah of the late 15th century from Italy (fig. 5).

Name/Title
The Tegernsee Haggadah | Unknown
Object Detail
Fol. 15
Date
Before 1489
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Site
Unknown
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 200 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 200)
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Black and brown ink, gold leaf and different shades of blue, magenta, green, vermilion, yellow, brown and white.
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
56 x 37 mm.; 4 lines high
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

 

 

 

Fig. 1: Naked and bare

Tegernsee Haggadah

Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 200, fol. 15

Fig. 2: Naked and bare

ChantillyHaggadah

Candia, first half of the 16th century

Chantilly, Musée Condé MS 732, fol. 13

(Steimann 2007, pl. CXII:1)

Fig. 3: The expulsion fromEden

Prayer Book

Netherlands, c.1480

The Hague, KB 135 E 19, fol. 32

(Steimann 2007, pl. CXIII:3)

 

 

 

Fig. 4: Female mandrake

Hortus Sanitatis

Hortus Sanitatis, Jacob Meydenbach

Mainz, 1491

U.S.National Library of Medicine

(CourtesyU.S.NLM)

Fig. 5: Bud of the field

The SecondDarmstadtHaggadah

North Italy, late 15th century

Darmstadt, HLHB Cod. or. 28, fol. 6

(Steimann 2007, pl. CXII:4)

 

This subject appears in Ashkenazi and Italo-Ashkenazi haggadot from the 15th century on, whereas in Sephardi haggadot the text referring to "naked and bare" was not illustrated. Some depictions of a naked maiden relate literally to the words "thy breasts are fashioned, and thine hair is grown, whereas thou wast naked and bare" (Ezek. 16:7; figs. 1, 2). In the Tegernsee Haggadah and in the Chantilly Haggadah (fig. 2) from Candiathe maidens are depicted as Venus Pudica (Modest Venus), similar to the depiction of the modest Eve in contemporary European manuscripts (fig. 3). Our artist apparently adopted the posture of Eve ashamed of her nakedness after eating the forbidden fruit; or he might have been inspired by a female mandrake similar to that in the printed Hortus Sanitatis of 1491 (fig. 4).

Another rendering of the same subject in Ashkenazi haggadot stresses the idea of multiplication of children, with two flanking a naked woman and a third looking down from a tree, as in the Second Darmstadt Haggadah of the late 15th century fromItaly(fig. 5).

 

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
|
Researcher
|
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.
M000431.jpg