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© BSB, Photographer: Unknown,

Fol. 11: A rectangular panel along the lower margin of the page and extending up the outer margin depicts the hard labour of the Israelites. The composition is divided into three groups. On the right, two bearded men facing each other are preparing the mortar, shown as a white heap between them. The man on the left is preparing blocks of mortar, one lying in a bowl at his feet. At the centre of the panel, a young man is building a brick wall, while behind him an Egyptian taskmaster holding a club is supervising the work. On the left a group of three men are engaged in building a tower: a young man is carrying bricks on his shoulder; another, with a pail of mortar, is climbing a ladder leaning against a tower, at the top of which stands the builder. He is holding a trowel in his right hand and adjusting the bricks with his left. The panel is framed by a black ink line, with an acanthus stem issuing from the top, and another descends into the panel near the figure on the right. 

Name/Title
The Tegernsee Haggadah | Unknown
Object Detail
Fol. 11
Settings
Unknown
Date
Before 1489
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Site
Unknown
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 200 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 200)
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Black and brown ink, gold leaf and different shades of blue, magenta, green, red, yellow, brown and white.
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
(53-96) x 200 mm.; 4-7 lines high
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
   

Fig. 1: Avadim hayinu

Tegernsee Haggadah

Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 200, fol. 11

Fig. 2: Avadim hayinu

Floersheim Haggadah

North Italy, 1502

Zurich, Floersheim Coll. no sign., p. 10

(Floersheim Haggadah, facsimile 1985)

 

 

 

Fig. 3: Avadim hayinu

BarcelonaHaggadah

Barcelona, mid-14th century

London, BL Add. 14761, fol. 30v

(Schonfield, facsimile 1992)

Fig. 4: Avadim hayinu

Murphy Haggadah

Joel ben Simeon (artist)

North Italy, c.1455

Jerusalem, NLI 406130, fol. 10v

(Murphy Haggadah, facsimile n.d.)

 

 

Fig. 5: Avadim hayinu

Bird's Head Haggadah   

Franconia, c.1300         

Jerusalem, IM MS 180/57, fol. 15

(Spitzer, facsimile 1967)

The illustration to "We were bondmen" (עבדים היינו) is found in most Ashkenazi and Italo-Ashkenazi haggadot. It usually depicts the erection of the two cities, Pithom and Raamses, mentioned in the text of the haggadah (figs. 2, 5 the cities identified, and 4). In other cases, such as theBarcelonaand Tegernsee Haggadot (figs. 1, 3), the Israelites are building a tower, which might be either city. The iconography of this scene frequently includes Israelites mixing mortar, climbing a ladder and placing the bricks at the top of the tower or wall. An early version appears in the Bird's Head Haggadah of c.1300 fromFranconia(fig. 5). An interesting detail in our haggadah, which also appears in others, is the figure of an Egyptian taskmaster, who is taller than the others and holds a club or whip (figs. 1-4). This detail may derive from the full story of the labour inEgypt(Ex. 5:13).

See: General Document for acanthus branches.

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Negative/Photo. No.
M000427.jpg