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Fol. 8v: In the lower outer margin of the page, a rectangular magenta frame encloses a bearded man standing outdoors. He is raising hands with curled fingers illustrating the benediction of the separation between the sacred (Saturday) and profane (weekdays) recited during the ceremony of the Havdalah when the seder falls on a Saturday night. His curled fingers illustrate the custom of looking at the reflection of light on the fingernails while reciting "blessed … who creates the light of fire" (ברוך... בורא מאורי האש).  

The man has a tall green cap and wears a red robe with yellow seams and a gold belt. Acanthus branches issue from the upper and lower borders of the panel.

See: General Document for acanthus branches and Appendix

Name/Title
The Tegernsee Haggadah | Unknown
Object Detail
Fol. 8v
Date
Before 1489
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Site
Unknown
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 200 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 200)
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Black and brown ink, gold leaf and different shades of green, blue, magenta, red, vermilion, yellow and
white.
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
68 x 41 mm.; 5 lines high
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
   

 

 

 

Fig. 1: Havdalah

Tegernsee Haggadah

Munich, BSB Cod. hebr.  200, fol. 8v

Fig. 2: Havdalah

Yahuda Haggadah

Franconia, 1465-1470

Jerusalem, IM MS 180/50, fol. 5

(Narkiss and Sed-Rajna  IJA 1978/3(

Fig. 3: Havdalah

Siddur of the Rabbi of Ruzhin

Southeast Germany, c.1460

Jerusalem, IM MS 180/53, fol. 154v

(Jerusalem, CJA Documentation)

Fig. 4: Havdalah

BarcelonaHaggadah

Barcelona, mid-14th century

London, BL Add. 14761, fol. 26

(Schonfield, facsimile 1992)

 

 

The custom looking at the reflection of the firelight on the finger nails (fig. 1) is mentioned in many Ashkenazi halakhic sources (Finesinger 1937/38, pp. 347-365). The depiction of this custom in Ashkenazi haggadot follows a common iconography, emphasising the gaze at the finger nails (figs. 2, 3). In Sephardi haggadot, such as the Barcelona Haggadah, the havdalah is illustrated by a man stretching his right hand out towards a candle held by a child (fig. 4).

However, unlike the Yahudah andBarcelonahagaddot, which display other iconographical elements of the ritual: the cup of wine and the source of light over which the blessing is made, either a lighted candelabrum (fig. 2) or a havdalah candle (fig. 4) our haggadah as well as the Ruzhin Siddur (figs. 1, 3) exclude the source of light altogether. Furthermore, the man in our haggadah is gazing probably at the unseen moon rather than at his fingers.

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Negative/Photo. No.
M000424.jpg