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© Bayerische Staatsbibliothek , Photographer: Unknown, 2008

Vol. I, fol. 39: The initial word Vayiggash (ויגש, Then Judah came near) of the parashah (Gen. 44:18-47:27) is written above the illustration in gold leaf on a blue ground, set below the explicit of Mikkez (חסלת ויהי מקץ) and its haftarah (ומפטירין במלכים ויקץ שלמה והנה וג' ואם יש שבת של חנוכה מפטירין בתרי עשר רני ושמחי בת ציון וג').

The panel depicts the second meeting inEgyptbetween Joseph and his brothers, including Benjamin (Gen. 44:18), on a green ground, illustrating the biblical text and the following commentary.

Joseph, on the right is seated cross-legged on a high magenta chair with a foot-stool. His left hand is pointing authoritatively and his right, holding a blank scroll, rests on his thigh. Seven brothers are standing before him, the first, fourth, and last holding scrolls. Joseph is wearing a blue garment with gold cuffs and fringe, a red chlamys and a red cap. The brothers all wear Jewish hats, alternately white and gold. The first and fourth brothers are wearing red and blue chlaymides over blue and magenta tunics respectively. Two others have red and blue short tunics. Three have gold cuffs, the farthest left also with a gold collar. Benjamin is standing at the end of the group on the left wearing a short tunic, as the youngest.

A barely visible plummet inscription by the later hand in Hebrew display script in the upper margin, above the panel: ויגש (Vayiggash).

 

Name/Title
Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
Object Detail
Vol. I, fol. 39
Date
1232/33
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Site
Unknown
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 5/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 5)
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Brown and black ink, gold leaf and green, magenta, blue and red.
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
40 x 49 mm.
Condition
The gold leaf of the letters, cuffs, collar and hats has flaked off. The faces are scratched out; the necks, scrolls and parts of the high chair have turned grey.
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

The brother standing at the head of the group and talking to Joseph is undoubtedly Judah, who refused to surrender Benjamin to him (Then Judah came near to him, Gen. 44:18-34). The composition is similar to that of the Israelites before Moses (fig. 2).

Fig. 1: The second meeting of Joseph and his brothers in Egypt, Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible, Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 5, I:39

 

Fig. 2: The Israelites' donation to the Tabernacle, Munich Rashi's Commentary on the Bible Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 5, I:63a  

 

 

 

In both scenes, a group of people with pointed Jewish hats face a dominant figure – Joseph or Moses - seated cross-legged on the right in three-quarter profile, one hand extended and the other resting on the thigh (see also I:44v).

Fig. 3: Augustus giving orders, Evangelistary, Würzburg,, c.1250, Munich, BSB clm 23256, fol. 2 (Munich, BSB)

 

Fig. 4: Cathrine disputes with Philosophers and the Emperor,  Psalter, Würzburg, 1260-65, Munich, BSB clm 3900, fol. 3, upper panel  (Klemm 1998, Cat. 197, colour pl. XV)

 

The authoritative posture of a ruler appears for example in two other manuscripts executed in Würzburg: in the Evangelistary, written after 1250 (fig. 3), Augustus, one hand outstretched, is giving orders for the census; the other is the Psalter of 1260-65 (fig. 4), where in the upper panel of April in the calendar, the emperor is seated cross-legged with his right hand is in a gesture of speech.

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Type
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Computer Reconstruction
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Negative/Photo. No.