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Img. ID: 190702

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Radovan, Zev, 2001

Memorial Name

No official name

Who is Comemmorated?

Victims of the Holocaust from Subotica

Description

This memorial is part of a complex consisting of this monument, ten individual graves, and one common grave of the Bor mine forced labor camp victims. It is made of artificial stone, marble from the island of Brač, and black granite. 

The monument is a stele with obelisk-like proportions standing on a high platform. Its base is surrounded by four cubes forming the shape of a Greek cross. The memorial features the Magen David, Ner Tamid, and Torah Scroll Jewish motifs. There are commemorative inscriptions on all four sides of the memorial. Between the cubes lying on the platform are four stone balls that are engraved with the years 1941 and 1945. On the front side are dedications in Serbo-Croatian (on the lower part) and Hebrew (on the upper section of the monument) between which is a Magen David. On the rear side is an inscription in Serbo-Croatian.

Inscriptions

Front

Hebrew

מי שמבקש עלבונה של
ספר תורה הוא יבקש
עלבון הנפשות של
ארבעת אלפים בערך
המובלות בעריצות
פאשיסטית מעיר סובוטיצה
ומקודשות כעולם כליל
על מזבח דתם ולאומיותם

Translation: He who will have regard for the plight of the Torah will also have regard for the plight of some 4000 souls deported in fascist tyranny from the city of Subotica, martyrs who fell as a burnt offering on the altar of their religion and faith.

Serbo-Croatian

Večita slava i hvala
4000 subotičkih Jevreja
koji su odvučeni
po fašističkoj nemani u
njenom besnilu i paklenoj
grozoti a radi istrebljenja
- položili svoje drage
živote na oltaru svoje
vere i narodnosti te opšte
napredne misli.

Translation: Eternal glory and gratitude to 4,000 Jews from Subotica who were dragged by the fascist beast in its fury and hellish horror and for the purpose of extermination - laid their dear lives on the altar of their faith and nationality and generally progressive thinking.

 

On the rear side (Serbo-Croatian)

Čoveče! Kad god ti oko
za ovaj spomenik zapne
nek se u tebi plamen
gneva razbukne,
napuni se jezom prema
svakome čoveku-nakazi
koji se kao fašista
čovek-om usudi nazivat.

Translation: Man! Whenever your eye falls on this monument, the flame of anger should blaze in you, fill yourself with anger toward every man-monster, who dared as a fascist to call himself a man.

Mauthausen
Strasshof
Bácsalmás
Budapest
Stutthof 

Context: Places where Subotica Jews were killed

Left Face (from Front)

Sátoraljaújhely
Istočni front,
Bor-Cservenka,
Gunskirchen,
Hidegség

Context: Places where Subotica Jews were killed

Right Face (from Front)

Theresienstadt
Bergen-Belsen
Buchenwald
Auschwitz
Dachau

 Context: Places where Subotica Jews were killed

 

On the stone balls, facing all four directions

1941-     -1945

On the bases of all four sides

Serbo-Croatian

za uspomenu žrtvama svirepog fašizma
za živote vaše sloboda naša

Hebrew

לזכרון קרבנות הפאשיזם האכזרי;
חלף חייכם חרות שלנו

Translation: For the memory of the victims of cruel fascism / For your lives our freedom.

Commissioned by

The Jewish Community of Subotica

///ID/50138/

Name/Title
Holocaust memorial in the Jewish cemetery in Subotica | Unknown
Object Detail
Settings
Date
1948
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Serbia | Vojvodina | Subotica
| 2, Majevička St.
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Category
Material / Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
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Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Textual Content
Unknown |
Languages of inscription
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
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Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
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Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
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Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
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Summary and Remarks
Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
|
Author of description
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Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.
A03741