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© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Radovan, Zev,
<p><span style="color: #333333; font-family: arial, helvetica, miriad; font-size: 12px; line-height: 24px; background-color: #eeffee;">Addenda:</span><br style="color: #333333; font-family: arial, helvetica, miriad; font-size: 12px; line-height: 24px;" /><span class="handy" style="font-size: 12px; font-family: arial, helvetica, miriad; cursor: pointer; color: #333333; line-height: 24px;" title="Press to select the value">NO</span><span style="color: #333333; font-family: arial, helvetica, miriad; font-size: 12px; line-height: 24px; background-color: #eeffee;">&nbsp;:</span><strong id="ijab_NO_0013311" style="color: #333333; font-family: arial, helvetica, miriad; font-size: 12px; line-height: 24px;">&nbsp;800</strong><br style="color: #333333; font-family: arial, helvetica, miriad; font-size: 12px; line-height: 24px;" /><span class="handy" style="font-size: 12px; font-family: arial, helvetica, miriad; cursor: pointer; color: #333333; line-height: 24px;" title="Press to select the value">HIS</span><span style="color: #333333; font-family: arial, helvetica, miriad; font-size: 12px; line-height: 24px; background-color: #eeffee;">&nbsp;:</span><strong id="ijab_HIS_0013311" style="color: #333333; font-family: arial, helvetica, miriad; font-size: 12px; line-height: 24px;">&nbsp;The King's Tomb is located in Jerusalem slightly north of Damascus gate on the road leading to Damascus. Much scholarly discussion has revolved around the issue of the site's identification as either the Tomb of the Kings of Judea or, as is generally accepted, the Monumental Tomb of Queen Helene of Adiabene. Historical sources which mention tombs in Jerusalem emphasize two: The tombs of the Kings of Judea and the Tomb of Helene of Adiabene. While the Tombs of the Kings of Judea is only given passing mention in historical sources without any mention of its architectural form, The tomb of Helene of Adiabene is described in great detail in many historical sources throughout the centuries. The first description of the Tomb of Helene is found in Josephus who described the Tomb as having three pyramids and located three "reis" (approximately 450m) from Jerusalem. In c.170C.E. Pausanius refers to the tomb of Helena but goes into no details. Eusebius, ca.330C.E., mentions the obelisks that can be seen before the gates of Jerusalem as being attributed to Helene, who was referrred to by "the Historian" (Josephus). In 390C.E. Hieronymos (Jerome?) refers to the mausoleum of Helena passed by S. Paula on her approach to Jerusalem. In the 5th Century, Moses Choronensis, an Armenian comments on a remarkable monument located near the gates of the city. In 1310C.E. Marinus Sanotos mentions the Tomb of Helene near the northern gates of the city. The first source refering to the site as the tombs of the Kings was Rabbi Yitzhak Hilo who,in 1334, described the tombs of the Kings of Judea...situated near the cave of Ben Sira, as one of the four wonders of the holy city. In 1561, Jacob Wormbser ventured outside the city walls and described a tomb carved in the rock with sculpted stone doors and related that the site was identified with the resting place of the Kings of Judea. Christopher Furer in 1566 writes of the elaborate tombs carved in rock with chambers and doors located between the Hinom and Kidron valleys and relates that they are reputed to be the tombs of Jewish kings. The first detailed descriptions are available only from the end of the 16th century and in these descriptions are called the tombs of the Kings. From then on travellers and scholars continue to describe the outstanding tomb north of Jerusalem not far from the gate of Ephraim (Damascus). These included Bernardino Amico da Gallipoli in the late 16th Century, Johannes Cotovicus (1548) Radzivill, Zwinner, D'Arvieux, Giovanni Zuallardo in 1586, Francisco Quaresmio in 1616, Mariti in 1767, Shultz in 1754. Drawings of the site extant are by Pococke in 1738 (an idealized drawing), by L.F. Cassas in 1772, an unknown artist from 1803, D. Roberts in 1855 and Ermete Pierotti in 1864. The site was first photographed in 1865. From this documentation it arises that the present state of the tomb facade is the same as it has been since the 17th century. The first plans of the Tomb of Helene are from B. A. da Gallipoli in 1596. Plans are also extant by Pococke (1738), Pierotti (1860), Robinson ( ), , Wilson (1865) The site was visited as well by Maundrell (1647? or 1697?), Maritti? (1760-1768), C. Niebuhr (1766), Corneille Le Brun (1672) De Binos (1778), W. Krafft (1845), Pfennigsdorf (1905), E. Brandenburg (). . De Saulcy who considered the site only as the king's tomb is credited with undertaking the cleanup of the fallen debris covering the tomb in 1863. The site was surveyed by K. Shick and Ch.Warren - published 1897.</strong><br style="color: #333333; font-family: arial, helvetica, miriad; font-size: 12px; line-height: 24px;" /><span class="handy" style="font-size: 12px; font-family: arial, helvetica, miriad; cursor: pointer; color: #333333; line-height: 24px;" title="Press to select the value">LN</span><span style="color: #333333; font-family: arial, helvetica, miriad; font-size: 12px; line-height: 24px; background-color: #eeffee;">&nbsp;:</span><strong id="ijab_LN_0013311" style="color: #333333; font-family: arial, helvetica, miriad; font-size: 12px; line-height: 24px;">&nbsp;ENG&nbsp;</strong></p>
Name/Title
Tomb of the Kings | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Site
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
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Colors
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Subject
W | Wreath
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Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
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Summary and Remarks
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Bibliography
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Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Negative/Photo. No.